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By Frank Smyth/CPJ Senior Adviser for Journalist Security
With a chapter on Technology Security by CPJ Staff Technologist Tom Lowenthal and Danny O’Brien
About the Authors   |   Acknowledgments



Introduction: With CPJ Senior Journalist Security Adviser Frank Smyth




Blog   |   Security, USA

In times of war, Pentagon reserves right to treat journalists like spies

A press briefing at the Pentagon in April. Worrying guidelines on how the military can categorize the press during conflict are contained in the Defense Department's Law of War Manual. (AP/Andrew Harnik)

The Pentagon has produced its first Department of Defense-wide Law of War Manual and the results are not encouraging for journalists who, the documents states, may be treated as "unprivileged belligerents." But the manual's justification for categorizing journalists this way is not based on any specific case, law or treaty. Instead, the relevant passages have footnotes referring to either other parts of the document or matters not germane to this legal assertion. And the language used to attempt to justify this categorization is weak at best.


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