Attacks on the Press   |   China, East Timor, Indonesia, Kosovo, Pakistan, Russia, Sierra Leone, Turkey, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

Attacks on the Press 1999: Introduction

By Ann Cooper

As a foreign correspondent covering the Soviet Union a decade ago, I was an eyewitness to a dramatic example of the press' critical role in building democracy. Granted a bit of freedom by Mikhail Gorbachev's mid-1980s glasnost policy, long-suppressed Soviet journalists set their own daring agenda: they probed forbidden history, investigated contemporary corruption, and encouraged fellow citizens to voice opinions that had been ruthlessly stifled for decades under Communist Party rule.
March 22, 2000 12:11 PM ET

Attacks on the Press   |   Azerbaijan, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Attacks on the Press 1999: Europe & Central Asia Analysis

By Chrystyna Lapychak 

Wars in Yugoslavia and Chechnya dominated regional and international headlines in 1999. The conflicts raised the journalists' death toll in the region and prompted crackdowns, as governments blocked access to war zones and engaged in propaganda campaigns.

March 22, 2000 12:10 PM ET


Attacks on the Press   |   Argentina, Australia, Colombia, East Timor, Indonesia, Kosovo, Lebanon, Macedonia, Nigeria, Russia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Attacks on the Press 1999: 1999 Death Toll: Listed by Country

[Click here for full list of documented cases]

At its most fundamental level, the job of a journalist is to bear witness. In 1999, journalists in Sierra Leone witnessed rebels' atrocities against civilians in the streets of Freetown. In the Balkans, journalists watched ethnic Albanians fleeing the deadly menace of Serbian police and paramilitaries. In Indonesia, they recorded the violence of Indonesian-backed militias against supporters of political independence. Some who wrote about what they witnessed ended up dying because of the stories they told.

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