Europe & Central Asia / 2005

Attacks on the Press 2004: Croatia

March 14, 2005 11:37 AM ET

CroatiaAfter returning to power in 2003, the nationalist Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), tried to reassure voters and the international community that it had moved beyond the repressive right-wing policies that marked its ironfisted rule during the 1990s. Senior HDZ officials reasserted influence over state media but kept a looser hold...

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Georgia

March 14, 2005 11:32 AM ET

GeorgiaMany in the news media had high hopes that this South Caucasus nation would pursue a path of greater press freedom due to the instrumental role that journalists played in the "Rose Revolution," which swept President Eduard Shevardnadze and his corruption-riddled Cabinet out of office in November 2003. The independent...

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Ivory Coast

March 14, 2005 11:27 AM ET

Ivory Coast Although legislation passed at the end of 2004 eliminated criminal penalties for most press offenses, journalists in Ivory Coast face much more immediate and dangerous threats, including harassment and violence, amid the political tension and uncertainty that have engulfed the country since civil war began in 2002. Serious...

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Kazakhstan

March 14, 2005 11:26 AM ET

KazakhstanPresident Nursultan Nazarbayev ignored Western criticism in 2004 as he consolidated his control over the independent and opposition media to ensure his success in September's parliamentary elections and the upcoming 2006 presidential vote....

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Kyrgyzstan

March 14, 2005 11:25 AM ET

KyrgyzstanAs the 2005 parliamentary and presidential elections approached, President Askar Akayev and his allies used restrictive laws and politicized government agencies to crack down on opposition voices and the country's few remaining independent media outlets....

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Moldova

March 14, 2005 11:22 AM ET

MoldovaThirteen years after declaring independence from the Soviet Union, Moldova is plagued by a corrupt communist government, a stagnant economy, and an ongoing civil conflict with the breakaway Trans-Dniester Region. Corruption is widespread in a society where criminal groups have fused with the government and business. Independent and opposition media...

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Attacks on the Press 2004: North Korea

March 14, 2005 11:18 AM ET

North Korea While foreign analysts kept guessing at the state of nuclear development in North Korea, one thing remained certain in 2004: There is no free press in the country, only government outlets that voice the pronouncements of Kim Jong Il's authoritarian regime....

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Romania

March 14, 2005 11:14 AM ET

RomaniaIn its annual assessment of Romania's democratic reforms, the European Commission criticized the government's press freedom record. Authorities' use of lucrative advertising contracts and forgiveness of debts to the state to influence television news coverage, as well as provincial politicians' acquisition of media outlets to promote their political and business...

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Russia

March 14, 2005 11:14 AM ET

RussiaA midyear purge of independent voices on state television and an alarming suppression of news coverage during the Beslan hostage crisis marked a year in which Russian President Vladimir Putin increasingly exerted Soviet-style control over the media. Using intelligence agents and an array of politicized state agencies, Putin pushed for...

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Attacks on the Press 2004: Serbia and Montenegro

March 14, 2005 11:11 AM ET

Serbia and MontenegroPolitical paralysis consumed Serbia for much of 2004. Conservative reformists and ultranationalists argued over the bloody legacy of former President Slobodan Milosevic and refused to extradite Serbs indicted for war crimes to The Hague–based U.N. -tribunal. Amid a chaotic and polarized atmosphere, journalists were vulnerable to -intimidation from...

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