Carvajal, a highly regarded radio journalist in the town of Pitalito, Huila Department, was shot 10 times outside the elementary school where he taught. The gunman and an accomplice escaped by motorcycle, according to several eyewitnesses. Carvajal was the producer of five community programs on Radio Sur, a local affiliate of Radio Cadena Nacional. In addition to programming on topics ranging from health services to rural development, Carvajal provided investigative reporting about alleged government corruption. In one case, Carvajal reported that the former mayor of Pitalito had misappropriated public funds. On January 5, 1999, police arrested the former mayor and two other local politicians, all owners of a local construction company.