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Africa

The Year in Photographs: Press Freedom in 2011. Photographers from The Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse, and other news outlets documented historic events in 2011, often at great peril. The Year in Photographs features images from the Arab uprisings to official oppression in Africa.


Analysis

Abolishing Censorship

Even as trade and new systems of communication turn us into global citizens, the information we need to ensure accountability often stops at national borders.
 
Analysis

Development Trumps Freedom

Many African leaders continue to offer a false choice between stability and press freedom. Taking a cue from China, a key investor, they stress social stability and development over openness and reform.

Analysis

Murder in Remote Kenya

It's not too late for justice for Francis Nyaruri, who was killed in 2009 after he wrote a story on police corruption.

Analysis

Internet 'Crime' Laws

Cybercrime laws are being broadened to criminalize standard journalistic practices.


Africa


Forced Into Exile by Year

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2011

2008


Regional Data

4

Journalists Killed in 2011

301

Journalists In Exile 2001-11



112

Journalists Killed Since 1992

43

Imprisoned on December 1, 2011



68

Unsolved Journalist Murders Since 1992

4

Missing as of December 31, 2011


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Angola

25Attacks on the press in 2011, a sharp jump over the previous year.

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Cameroon

0Arrests in the death of editor Germain Cyrille Ngota Ngota, who was killed in state custody.

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Democratic
Republic
of Congo

34 Press freedom violations in Bas Congo province in the run-up to the presidential election.
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Equatorial Guinea

0 Independent, domestic broadcasters. All TV, radio were run by the government or its allies.

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Eritrea

28 Journalists in prison, the second highest total in the world.
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Ethiopia

79 Journalists forced into exile since 2001. Intimidation and repression were causes.

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Gambia

5 Years that reporter "Chief" Ebrima Manneh has been missing after being arrested by state agents.
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Ivory Coast

87 Attacks on the press during presidential power struggle, from January to April.

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Malawi

22 Assaults against journalists, mainly during coverage of nationwide protests.
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Rwanda

2 Newspaper editors imprisoned on trumped-up charges.

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Somalia

2 Journalists killed as Somalia remained Africa's deadliest nation.
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South Africa

4 Bills restricting news media backed by the ruling ANC.

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Uganda

41 Attacks on the press, most during elections and opposition protests.
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Zimbabwe

49 Journalists in exile since 2001, the fifth highest total in the world.

Research by CPJ Advocacy Coordinator Mohamed Keita and CPJ's Nairobi-based consultant Tom Rhodes.


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