Turkey--world's top press jailer once more

By Nina Ognianova/CPJ Europe and Central Asia Program Coordinator on December 18, 2013 12:00 AM ET

For the second year in a row, our prison census shows, Turkey jailed more journalists than any other country. The number of journalists behind bars is 40; down from the 61 reporters in October 2012, and less than the 49 we recorded on December 1, 2012. Still, Turkey holds more journalists in custody than Iran, China, or Eritrea.

As a NATO member and a regional leader, Turkey should not belong in the list of top press jailers. But from the failure to reform its legislation in a meaningful way to the crackdown on its journalists in the aftermath of the Gezi Park protests, Turkey has grown increasingly repressive despite the modest decline in the number of media workers behind bars.

Many of the journalists released in the months since October 2012 are still on trial. Among them is Nedim Şener, the Turkish recipient of our 2013 International Press Freedom Award, who faces up to 15 years in prison if convicted on charges of supporting an alleged terrorist plot, Ergenekon.

CPJ has had the opportunity to discuss our concerns with Turkish officials. In September, the Justice Ministry received a CPJ delegation; CPJ Chairman Sandra Mims Rowe, board member John Carroll, and Executive Director Joel Simon met with Justice Ministry official Kenan Özdemir and delivered a detailed letter on press freedom issues. The two parties agreed to exchange information on jailed journalists.

At CPJ's request, in November, the ministry sent CPJ a tabulated document--posted for public reference here--detailing the whereabouts, imprisonment dates, and charges levied against 54 jailed journalists. Among them were several recent cases of journalists jailed under the anti-terror legislation. Out of the 54 people listed, CPJ independently confirmed--through careful perusal of indictments, press reports, publicly available legal documents, and testimony by lawyers, colleagues, and the defendants--that 40 of the journalists were imprisoned for their work. In the 14 remaining cases, CPJ concluded there was not sufficient information to determine that the imprisonments were work-related. In those cases, CPJ continues to investigate.

Details about the 40 cases listed on our census can be accessed here.

In his International Press Freedom Award acceptance speech before a large media audience at New York's Waldorf-Astoria hotel in November, Nedim Şener spoke critically of Turkey's judicial system. Şener is the author of several books, including an investigation into the unresolved 2007 murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink, in which Şener alleged official involvement. He detailed his own experience--of being jailed without a verdict for an entire year, then released after an intense international outcry, but only temporarily. "I am still on trial and can be imprisoned for 15 more years," he said. "This is how Turkish justice works--instead of bringing journalist killers to trial, journalists are tried as terrorists."

In the past few years Turkey went from a country considered a regional hope to one of regional concern, characterized by an increasingly shrinking space for free expression. Turkey stands at a crossroads, and it is not yet too late for it to choose a path of democracy and tolerance over authoritarianism and censorship. It can start by releasing the 40 journalists in Turkish prisons as of December 1.


You missed Julian Assange, who is being held in a virtual prison in UK. Of course he doesn't count in your book.

Turkey is truly special. They can deny a genocide, occupy Cyprus, discriminate against and oppress ethnic and religious minorities, shoot and club demonstrators into a pulp, and throw any member of the media in jail for speaking the truth - yet they get away with it w/o any repercussions whatsoever! Why is this Islamist fascist pseudo democracy even a candidate for EU membership?! - The mind boggles!

"They [the Turks] were, upon the whole, from the black day when they first entered Europe, the one great anti-human specimen of humanity. Wherever they went, a broad line of blood marked the track behind them, and, as far as their dominion reached, civilization disappeared from view. They represented everywhere government by force, as opposed to government by law.”
—William Gladstone

You, the people blaming a whole population for relentless acts of leaders, are no different than him. Citing from Gladstone and waiting Turks to be respectful to ethnic differences, huh. I am, as a Turk, angry to the situation of my country as much as you, but there is no reason to relate horrible activities to any kinds of nations et cetera. Well, if you approach to the issue from this way, you may also consider what the ingredients of a Great European Civilization are. Than you might again think about where the word fascism belongs. Yes, today is today, yet your approach to the problem cannot be productive. Reconsider your pseudo superiority by that way.