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Analyses and data chart press freedom conditions throughout the region. Mohamed Keita examines the growing risk from media-savvy insurgents, while Tom Rhodes probes oil, money, and secrecy in East Africa.
From Somalia, where murders soared, to Ethiopia, where terror laws are used to silence journalists, the 10 countries where press freedom suffered the most in 2012.
New oil deals drive optimism, but the public knows little about the details.
As seen in Mali and Nigeria, the rise of media-savvy extremist groups is a potent risk.
Governments exploit national security laws to punish critical journalists.
Your cellphone allows authorities to locate you and uncover your sources.
Forced Into Exile by Year
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Journalists Killed in 2012
Journalists in Exile, 2007-12
Journalists Killed Since 1992
Imprisoned on December 1, 2012
Unsolved Journalist Murders Since 1992
Missing as of December 31, 2012
country page » 90
Anti-press attacks, with a sharp rise in the conflict-ridden east.
country page » 1st
Most censored nation in the world, CPJ finds. No international reporters are allowed, and domestic media are under absolute state control.
country page » 49
Journalists forced into exile since 2007. Intimidation and repression were causes.
country page » 67%
Most attacks occurred in small towns. Corruption was a vulnerable beat.
country page » 45
Radio stations censored or attacked. Rebels, militants were behind most attacks.
country page » 2
News organizations targeted in bomb attacks by Boko Haram.
country page » 12
Journalists killed in the deadliest year on record for the Somali press.
country page » 1
Journalist killed by police, the first work-related fatality CPJ has recorded in Tanzania.
country page » 3
Journalists assaulted by police during coverage of anti-government protests.
country page » 24
Journalists assaulted, most of them attacked by police during opposition-related events.
Research by CPJ Advocacy Coordinator Mohamed Keita and CPJ’s Nairobi-based consultant, Tom Rhodes.
Slideshow: Year in Photos