44 Journalists Killed in 1992/Motive Confirmed



Filolisho Khilvatshoev


Payomi Dushanbe
Tajikistan

Musa Anter


Ozgur Gundem
Turkey

Arcadi Ruderman


Channel 1
Tajikistan

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2014

1992


Statistical Analysis

Job *

11% Broadcast reporter
2% Camera Operator
14% Columnist / Commentator
14% Editor
11% Photographer
39% Print reporter/writer
14% Producer
5% Publisher/Owner
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Medium *

73% Print
16% Radio
14% Television
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Gender

98% Male
2% Female
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Local / Foreign

84% Local
16% Foreign
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Murder Victims

17% Taken Captive
20% Threatened
3% Tortured

Type of Death

18% Crossfire/Combat
14% Dangerous Assignment
68% Murder
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Impunity in Murder Cases

97% Complete impunity
3% Partial justice
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Suspected Source of Fire in Murder Cases

10% Criminal group
20% Government Officials
7% Military Officials
7% Paramilitary Group
37% Political Group
20% Unknown
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Beats Covered by Victims *

23% Corruption
7% Crime
2% Culture
23% Human Rights
39% Politics
36% War
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Freelance

18% Freelance
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All figures are rounded to the nearest full percentage point. * May add up to more than 100 percent because more than one category applies in some cases.


Deadliest Countries in 1992

  1. Turkey: 9
  2. Tajikistan: 9
  3. Bosnia: 8
  4. Peru: 3
  5. Philippines: 2
  6. India: 2
  1. Lebanon: 2
  2. Papua New Guinea: 1
  3. Venezuela: 1
  4. Croatia: 1
  5. Colombia: 1
  6. Azerbaijan: 1
  1. Angola: 1
  2. USA: 1
  3. Egypt: 1
  4. Algeria: 1

44 Journalists Killed in 1992/Motive Confirmed

     Terminology explained

Youcef Sebti, Freelancer

     December 27, 1992, in El Harrach, Algeria

Khushvaht Muborakshoev, Tajikistan State Television

     December, 1992, in place of death unknown, Tajikistan

Jamshed Davliyatmamatov, Khovar Information Agency

     December, 1992, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Filolisho Khilvatshoev, Payomi Dushanbe

     December, 1992, in an unknown place, Tajikistan

Mukhtor Bugdiev, Khovar Information Agency

     December, 1992, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Virgilio Fernández, El Universal

     November 27, 1992, in La Carlota, Venezuela

Namik Taranci, Gercek

     November 20, 1992, in Diyarbakir, Turkey

Tavakkal Faizulloev, Subhi Yovon

     November 17, 1992, in an unknown place, Tajikistan

Tihomir Tunukovic, BBC TV

     November 1, 1992, in Travnik, Bosnia

Fernando Marcelino, Jango

     October 20, 1992, in Huambo, Angola

Greg Hapalla, DXAS

     September 21, 1992, in Zamboanga City, Philippines

Musa Anter, Ozgur Gundem

     September 20, 1992, in Diyarbakir, Turkey

Georg Friderich Pfuhl, FADMST

     September 19, 1992, in Mostar, Bosnia

Adolfo Isuiza Urquia, Radio Tropical

     August 23, 1992, in Juanjui, Peru

Gabrielle Marian Hulsen, Freelancer

     August 18, 1992, in Ghadir, Lebanon

David Kaplan, ABC News

     August 13, 1992, in Sarajevo, Bosnia

Huseyin Deniz, Ozgur Gundem

     August 9, 1992, in Ceylanpinar, Turkey

Yahya Orhan, Ozgur Gundem

     July 31, 1992, in Gercus, Turkey

Cetin Abayay, Ozgur Halk

     July 29, 1992, in Batman, Turkey

Danilo Vergara, Philippine Post

     July 1, 1992, in Iligan City, Philippines

Salko Hondo, Oslobodjenje

     July 1, 1992, in Sarajevo, Bosnia

Pedro Yauri, Radio Universal

     June 24, 1992, in Huacho, Peru

Ivo Standeker, Mladina

     June 17, 1992, in Sarajevo, Bosnia

Chingiz Fuad-ogly Mustafayev, DR-Press

     June 15, 1992, in Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan

Hafiz Akdemir, Ozgur Gundem

     June 8, 1992, in Diyarbakir, Turkey

Farag Fouda, October

     June 8, 1992, Egypt

Alejandro Pérez, Channel 2-Frequencia Latina TV

     June 5, 1992, in Lima, Peru

Tura Kobilov, Bairaki Dusti

     June, 1992, in Bokhtar, Tajikistan

M. L. Manchanda, All India Radio

     May 18, 1992, in Patiala, India

Jordi Pujol, Avui

     May 17, 1992, in Sarajevo, Bosnia

Olim Zarobekov, Tajikistan Radio

     May 7, 1992, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Shirindzhon Amirdzhonov, Tajikistan Radio

     May 7, 1992, in 1992, Tajikistan

Ismael Jaimes, La Opinion

     May 6, 1992, in Magdalena Medio, Colombia

Murodullo Sheraliev, Sadoi Mardum

     May 5, 1992, in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Per-Ove Carlsson, Freelancer

     April 29, 1992, in Kiunga, Papua New Guinea

Kruno Marinovic, Croatian State Radio

     April 14, 1992, in Foca, Bosnia

Kjasif Smajlovic, Oslobodjenje

     April 9, 1992, in Zvornik, Bosnia

Izzet Kezer, Sabah

     March 23, 1992, in Cizre, Turkey

Manuel de Dios Unanue, El Diario/La Prensa

     March 11, 1992, in New York City, USA

Cengiz Altun, Yeni Ulke

     February 24, 1992, in Batman, Turkey

Halit Gungen, 2000'e Dogru

     February 9, 1992, in Diyarbakir, Turkey

Paul Jenks, European Pressphoto Agency

     January 17, 1992, in near Osijek, Croatia

Mustafa Jeha, Al-Amal

     January 15, 1992, in East Beirut, Lebanon

Ram Singh Biling, Azdi Awaz, Daily Ajit

     January 3, 1992, in Jalandhar, India



11 Journalists Killed in 1992/Motive Unconfirmed

     Terminology explained

Gloria Martin, DXXX

     December 30, 1992, in Basilan, Philippines

Declaud Djerabe, Tele-Chad

     November 28, 1992, Chad

Yasar Aktay, Freelancer

     November 10, 1992, in Diyarbakir, Turkey

Helge Hummelvoll, Freelancer

     October 27, 1992, in Equatoria, Sudan

Alboh Madjigoto, Radiodiffusion Nationale Tchadienne

     October 4, 1992, Chad

Arcadi Ruderman, Channel 1

     September 1, 1992, in place of death unknown, Tajikistan

Robinson Joseph, Radio Lumière

     August 3, 1992, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Ladjid Jade Ladja, Prensa Zamboanga

     July 3, 1992, in Zamboanga City, Philippines

Mecit Akgun, Yeni Ulke

     June 2, 1992, in Nusaybin, Turkey

Bakshi Tirath Singh, Hind Samachar

     February 27, 1992, in Dhuri, India

Kladoumbaye Maxime, Agence Tchadienne de Presse

     January 1, 1992, Chad