Customs and Border Protection agents pictured at Los Angeles International Airport in January 2017. The agency’s power to search electronic devices without warrant has serious implications for press freedom. (Reuters/Patrick T. Fallon)

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About This Report
This report was written by CPJ North America Program Coordinator Alexandra Ellerbeck and CPJ North America Research Assistant Stephanie Sugars, with additional research and reporting by North America Research Associate Avi Asher-Schapiro. CPJ Advocacy Director Courtney C. Radsch wrote the accompanying piece, “CPJ’s slog to improve DHS and CBP policy toward journalists.” Reporters Without Borders contributed research and data collection.

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Ellerbeck leads CPJ’s research on press freedom issues in North America. Prior to joining CPJ in 2015, Ellerbeck worked as the senior research assistant and regional Latin America expert for Freedom House's annual publication "Freedom on the Net," which surveys internet freedom in 65 countries.

Sugars has reported for several international outlets, including Al Jazeera and Open Democracy. She graduated from New York University with a Masters in journalism and international relations in May 2018.

Radsch serves as CPJ’s chief spokesperson on global press freedom issues and frequently writes and speaks about the intersection of media, technology, and human rights.

Prior to joining CPJ, Asher-Schapiro was a staff writer at VICE News, International Business Times/Newsweek, and Tribune Media. His reporting on technology and human rights issues has been published in outlets including The New York Times, The Atlantic Monthly, and The Intercept.

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