What cameras don’t show in the Gaza war

Palestinians inspect the damage of destroyed buildings on October 23 following Israeli airstrikes on Gaza City. (Photo: AP/Abed Khaled)

Gaza journalists Shrouq Al Aila and Roshdi Sarraj were on a work trip in Saudi Arabia last fall when their home became a war zone. The married couple quickly returned to Gaza to report and to be with their community. But Sarraj, the founder of local production company Ain Media, would only manage to produce a few reports. On October 22, he was killed in an Israeli airstrike.

Al Aila, 29, quickly took over the leadership of Ain Media, covering the war and displacement of Gaza’s residents. “Something that the camera or the video can’t show is the smell,” she told CPJ from the southern Gaza city of Rafah, where she was sheltering with her young daughter. “I take a picture of something and I look at the real scene in front of me and I feel like 70% of the immensity, the magnitude, and harshness of the scene aren’t reflected in the photo or in the video.”

Al Aila has since moved to a tent in Deir al-Balah to escape Israel’s expanded offensive in Rafah, the family’s third displacement since the war began.

-Why the war’s impact is harder to document
-List of journalist casualties
Full coverage of the Israel-Gaza war

2nd journalist in 2 weeks killed in Pakistan
Police officers stand guard at the site of a suicide attack in Karachi, Pakistan, in April 2024.
Police officers stand guard at the site of a suicide attack in Karachi, Pakistan, in April 2024. Two masked motorcyclists shot and killed report Ashfaq Ahmed Sial in Muzaffargarh, Pakistan, on May 15, 2024. (Photo: AP/Fareed Khan)

Two masked motorcyclists shot and killed Ashfaq Ahmed Sial, a reporter for the Daily Khabrain newspaper, while he was on his way to work in central Punjab province on May 15, before fleeing the scene, according to local nonprofit Freedom Network and news reports.

The motive behind the killing was unclear, and the Committee to Protect Journalists called for an immediate investigation into the killing. On May 3, a journalist for the local newspaper The Daily Baakhbar Quetta, died after a motorcyclist placed a bomb on the journalist’s vehicle at a busy crossing in Khuzdar city.

Pakistan continues to be perilous for journalists. On May 15 journalist Syed Farhad Ali Shah was taken from his home and has been missing for over a week.

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Journalists Attacked

Myat Thu Tan


Myat Thu Tan, a contributor to the local news website Western News and correspondent for several independent Myanmar news outlets, was shot and killed on January 31, 2024, while in military custody in Mrauk-U in Myanmar’s western Rakhine State.

He was arrested on September 22, 2022, and held in pre-trial detention under a broad provision of the penal code that criminalizes incitement and the dissemination of false news for critical posts he made on his Facebook page. Myat Thu Tan had not been tried or convicted at the time of his death.

The journalist’s body was found buried in a bomb shelter, with the bodies of six other political detainees, and showed signs of torture.

Myanmar’s military junta has cracked down on journalists and media outlets since seizing power in a February 2021 coup.

In at least 8 out of 10 cases, the murderers of journalists go free. CPJ is waging a global campaign against impunity.

The Committee to Protect Journalists promotes press freedom worldwide.

We defend the right of journalists to report the news safely and without fear of reprisal.

journalists killed in 2024 (motive confirmed)
imprisoned in 2023
missing globally