On November 4, a criminal court in Sulaymaniyah found Dawdi, editor-in-chief of the Kirkuk-based Hawal newspaper, guilty of three defamation charges filed by retired judge Kemal Mustafa, the former director of the Sulaymaniyah courthouse. Dawdi was jailed the same day and fined 300,000 Iraqi dinars (US$255) for publishing articles in 2004 on various court problems.
The court overturned all the charges and said that Dawdi should be tried under the region's new press law, the editor told CPJ. If convicted under that law, he will face a fine of up to 5 million Iraqi dinars (US$4,271).
"We are relieved that Shwan Dawdi has been released and cleared of these charges," said CPJ Deputy Director Robert Mahoney. "The court of appeal corrected a mistake that should never have been made. We hope that he is the last journalist to be jailed for his work in Iraqi Kurdistan."
On September 22, the regional parliament passed a press law that removes prison terms for defamation cases. The law was published in Waqa'y Kurdistan, the official government journal, on October 20, which means it had taken effect by the time of Dawdi's sentencing.
In a letter
sent Tuesday to Faruq Jamil, the Kurdistan Regional Government's minister of Justice,
Dawdi told CPJ that the court of appeal declared that the criminal court's decison to send him to jail was "not correct and not legal."