Safety Notes

Safety Notes documents by Year:   

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Digital Safety: Using security keys to secure accounts against phishing

Hackers are using more sophisticated methods to target journalists, including those who use two-step authentication (2FA)....

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Digital safety: Protecting against online harassment

Journalists are frequently at risk of being targeted online for their work. Media workers who cover issues such as the alt-right, politics and contentious elections, as well as movements linked to race or gender are at higher risk of being attacked online....

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Nothing to Declare: CPJ's advice for journalists crossing a U.S. border

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency (CBP) has authority to search electronic devices without warrant or probable cause. Civil liberties groups are challenging this power in court, but journalists should be aware that current practice risks exposing contacts, sourcing, and reporting material contained on laptops, phones, and other...

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Basic preparedness: Risk assessment

Decisions journalists make in the field have direct bearing on their safety and that of others. The risks inherent in covering war, political unrest, and crime can never be eliminated, but careful planning and risk assessment can mitigate the dangers....

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Physical safety: Civil disorder

Reporting on crowd violence or mobs can be dangerous, and every year journalists are injured covering such stories....

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Physical safety: Terrorist attacks

The dynamics of a terrorist attack are fluid and threats can materialize quickly--from explosions and gunmen to knife attacks, vehicular attacks, or sieges....

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Psychological safety

Journalists are as vulnerable to psychological trauma as they are to physical and digital threats. Approaching these threats holistically and preparing accordingly not only enhances your overall safety, but helps to protect your colleagues and sources....

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Digital safety

Journalists should be aware of the dangers of digital attacks, including through hacking, phishing, and surveillance, and should take steps to protect themselves, their sources, and their work....

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Physical safety: Natural disasters and extreme weather

The dynamics of a natural disaster or extreme weather event are fluid and threats can materialize quickly. Journalists should research potential threats associated with the event they are covering and prepare accordingly....

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Safety Notes documents by Year:   

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