yoani sanchez

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Américas, Blog, Cuba

Tras la visita de Obama, ¿qué le espera a la prensa independiente cubana?

Un ciudadano cubano mira a Barack Obama dando un discurso sobre el restablecimiento de relaciones diplomáticas con Cuba. El presidente visitará Cuba la semana próxima.(AFP/Yamil Lage)

Carlos Lauría/Director de Programa y coordinador senior del programa de las Américas

"Nuestra principal expectativa es que el Presidente Obama se reúna con integrantes de la prensa alternativa, no para cubrir la visita, sino como interlocutor en el diálogo", afirmó Elaine Díaz Rodríguez, directora de Periodismo de Barrio, un sitio web dedicado a informar sobre el cambio climático y el impacto de los desastres naturales en las comunidades. Díaz, quien se convirtió el año pasado en la primera periodista cubana en recibir una beca Nieman de la Universidad de Harvard, indicó que un encuentro tal con Obama serviría para validar al periodismo en la isla. "No resolverá nuestros problemas, pero ayudará en términos de legitimidad y reducirá nuestras vulnerabilidades", sostuvo en diálogo telefónico con el CPJ desde La Habana.

16 de Marzo 2016 4:22 PM ET

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Blog   |   Cuba

As US-Cuba relations thaw, what's next for the island's independent press?

A Cuban watches Barack Obama give a speech about resuming diplomatic ties with Cuba. The U.S. President is due to visit the island-nation in March. (AFP/Yamil Lage)

"Our hope is that President Obama will meet journalists working for the alternative media, not just to cover his visit, but to start a dialogue," said Elaine Díaz Rodríguez, director of Periodismo de Barrio (Neighborhood Journalism) a website focusing on climate change and the impact of natural disasters on local communities. Díaz, who last year became the first Cuban journalist to receive a Nieman fellowship at Harvard University, said such an encounter with Obama would validate journalism in the island nation. "It won't resolve our problems, but it will boost our legitimacy and reduce our vulnerabilities," she told CPJ on the phone from Havana.

Blog   |   Cuba

In Cuba, case for harassing press has collapsed

Cubans gather around a television in Havana as Raúl Castro announces the restoration of diplomatic ties between Cuba and the U.S. (AFP/Yamil Lage)

Throughout the years, the Cuban government has justified the imprisonment of independent journalists on charges that they were acting against the State's sovereignty at the behest of the United States. During the so-called Black Spring in March 2003, when the government then led by President Fidel Castro launched a massive crackdown against dissidents while the world's attention was focused on the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, a total of 29 independent journalists were sentenced to prison terms of up to 27 years. During court proceedings, it became an established fact that those journalists were charged with destabilizing the nation because of their work for foreign media outlets. They were punished for being "mercenaries" at the service of a foreign power (namely, the United States).

December 22, 2014 12:06 PM ET

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Américas, Blog, Cuba

La bloguera cubana Yoani Sánchez lanza sitio web de noticias independiente

Por Ted Henken/Bloguero invitado del CPJ

A fin de octubre, mientras acompañaba a la bloguera cubana Yoani Sánchez en el taxi que la llevaba del Aeropuerto La Guardia a su hotel en Manhattan, hablamos sin parar acerca de lo que había cambiado en Cuba en 2013 y acerca de sus planes para 2014. En ese momento ella me dijo dos cosas particularmente sorprendentes.

22 de Mayo 2014 4:26 PM ET

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Blog   |   Cuba

Cuban blogger Yoani Sánchez launches independent news site

Blogger Yoani Sanchez visits CPJ's New York offices in 2013. (CPJ/Nicole Schilit)

Late last October, as I accompanied Cuban blogger Yoani Sánchez in a cab ride from LaGuardia Airport to her hotel in Manhattan, we talked nonstop about what had changed in Cuba during 2013 and about her plans for 2014. Two things she told me then were particularly striking. 

Attacks on the Press   |   Cuba

Attacks on the Press in 2013: Cuba

To complement gradual economic and political reforms, Cuba made small, but mostly symbolic openings in the press freedom landscape in 2013, and impact for the independent media was minimal. One exception was legislation easing exit visa regulations that was passed in 2012 but implemented in 2013. The law allowed critical bloggers and political dissidents to travel internationally for the first time in decades. While abroad, prominent critical blogger Yoani Sánchez announced plans to launch a broad-based news publication upon her return to Cuba. In January, international analysts detected activity on the long-awaited, Venezuelan-financed, fiber-optic cable project, but high-speed Internet was still not available to the average Cuban. Later in the year, the government announced the opening of 100 public Internet centers, but content was filtered and the hourly rate prohibitively expensive for most citizens. A journalist was freed after spending seven months in prison in relation to his reporting. Though no journalists were imprisoned as of December 1, the government continued its practice of short-term detentions. Raúl Castro said he would step down as president in 2018, setting a date for the beginning of a post-Castro Cuba.

February 12, 2014 1:51 AM ET

Américas, Ataques a la Prensa, Cuba

Ataques a la Prensa en 2013: Cuba

Como complemento de sus reformas económicas y políticas graduales, en 2013 el gobierno cubano adoptó pequeñas medidas, en su mayor parte simbólicas, en materia de libertad de prensa, pero el impacto para la prensa independiente fue mínimo. Una excepción fueron las disposiciones legales aprobadas en 2012 pero implementadas en 2013 que eliminaron el requisito del permiso de salida para viajar al exterior. Las reformas permitieron que blogueros críticos del gobierno y disidentes políticos viajaran a otros países por primera vez en varias décadas. En uno de sus viajes, la conocida bloguera Yoani Sánchez anunció sus planes de lanzar una publicación de noticias a su regreso a Cuba. En enero, analistas internacionales detectaron actividad en el largamente esperado proyecto de cable de fibra óptica financiado con capital venezolano, pero la Internet de alta velocidad continuaba sin estar a disposición del ciudadano cubano promedio. Posteriormente, el gobierno anunció la apertura de 100 centros de Internet públicos, pero las autoridades filtraban el contenido y la tarifa por hora estaba fuera del alcance del bolsillo de la mayoría de los cubanos. Un periodista fue liberado tras llevar siete meses encerrado en una cárcel por su labor informativa. Aunque ningún periodista permanecía encarcelado al 1 de diciembre de 2013, el gobierno mantuvo la práctica de las detenciones de corta duración. Raúl Castro afirmó que dejaría el cargo de presidente en 2018, con lo cual marcaba el comienzo de una Cuba no gobernada por los hermanos Castro.

12 de Febrero 2014 1:20 AM ET

Américas, Ataques contra a imprensa, Cuba

Ataque à Imprensa em 2013: Cuba

Para complementar as graduais reformas econômicas e políticas, Cuba fez uma pequena, mas principalmente simbólica, abertura no panorama de liberdade de imprensa em 2013, e o impacto para a mídia independente foi mínimo. Uma exceção foi a legislação facilitando regras de visto de saída que foi aprovada em 2012, mas implementada em 2013. A lei permitiu a blogueiros críticos e dissidentes políticos viajarem ao exterior pela primeira vez em décadas. Enquanto no exterior, a proeminente blogueira de oposição Yoani Sánchez anunciou planos para lançar uma publicação de notícias de base ampla após seu retorno a Cuba. Em janeiro, analistas internacionais detectaram atividade no muito aguardado projeto de cabo de fibra óptica, que é financiado pela Venezuela, mas a Internet de alta velocidade ainda não estava disponível para a maioria dos cubanos. No final do ano, o governo anunciou a abertura de 100 centros públicos de acesso à Internet, mas o conteúdo foi filtrado e a taxa horária é proibitivamente cara para a maioria dos cidadãos. Um jornalista foi libertado depois de passar sete meses de prisão por causa do sua reportagem. Embora nenhum jornalista tenha sido preso desde 1º de dezembro, o governo continuou a prática de detenções de curto prazo. Raúl Castro disse que iria renunciar à presidência em 2018, fixando uma data para o início de uma Cuba pós-Castro.

fevereiro 12, 2014 1:11 AM ET

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