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Dangerous Assignments Quarterly

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

Combatting an 'unnatural peace'
Excerpt from preface to Attacks on the Press in 1995

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

Around the world
A regional look at the state of press freedom in 1995


  • For the third consecutive year, Ethiopia held more journalists in jail--31 at year's end--than any other country in Africa. Most were detained without charges.

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

CPJ Names Ten Worst "Enemies of the Press"
on World Press Freedom Day, May 3

NEW YORK --The leaders of China, Nigeria, and Turkey are among 10 world figures identified by the U.S. based Committee to Protect Journalists as "Enemies of the Press." All are responsible for brutal campaigns against journalists and press freedom, as documented by CPJ in its ongoing monitoring of press freedom violations worldwide. The Enemies of the Press list is released annually on May 3, World Press Freedom Day.

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

Press Faces Hard Times in Africa: Repression Persists in Many Countries
This article first appeared in the New York Times on Jan. 14, 1996.
Copyright © 1996 by The New York Times Company. Reprinted by permission.

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

CPJ leads campaigns to aid Nigerian and Zambian journalists

By Kakuna Kerina

On Dec. 23, 1995, six agents of Nigeria's State Security Service (SSS) arrested Nosa Igiebor, the editor in chief of the best-selling weekly magazine Tell, as he prepared to leave his Lagos home for work. Igiebor, a 1993 recipient of CPJ's International Press Freedom Award, had just resurfaced after months in hiding. While he was being arrested, SSS agents confiscated over 20,000 issues of Tell's Christmas Day edition with the cover story "Abacha is Adamant: Terrorizes the Opposition."

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

456 journalists killed in past 10 years (1986--1995)
Most dangerous countries: Algeria, former Yugoslavia, Colombia

CPJ researchers report that between 1986 and 1995, 456 journalists were killed in 61 countries for reasons related directly to their profession. More than 300 of those deaths appeared to have been deliberate political assassinations. In his introduction to Attacks on the Press in 1995, CPJ's executive director William A. Orme, Jr., outlines how the countries with the highest death tolls illustrate the different kinds of threats now facing independent journalists around the world:
Dangerous Assignments Quarterly

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

The bullet-ridden wall pictured on the cover is a detail from a photograph taken in Somalia by American photojournalist Dan Eldon of Reuters. Eldon, Associated Press photojournalist Hansi Krauss, and Reuter colleagues Hosea Maina and Anthony Macharia were murdered in July 1993 by a Somali crowd angered by the death of 50 countrymen in an air raid on Gen. Mohamed Farah Aidid's command post. Reuters/Dan Eldon

Spring 1996 Internet Edition No. 50

CPJ marks 15th anniversary

By William A. Orme, Jr., executive director

On April 3, 1981, three New York journalists filed incorporating papers for a new organization called The Committee to Protect Journalists, dedicated to the defense "of the human and professional rights of journalists around the world."

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