Europe & Central Asia / 2003

Attacks on the Press 2002: Romania

March 31, 2003 12:03 PM ET

Government officials, wary of any media coverage that could potentially threaten the country's efforts to join NATO and the European Union, used threats and intimidation to promote docile reporting--resulting in increased self-censorship in 2002....

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Russia

March 31, 2003 12:02 PM ET

Russian president Vladimir Putin, along with his coterie of conservative former intelligence officials, pressed ahead in 2002 to impose his vision of a "dictatorship of the law" in Russia to create a "managed democracy." Putin's goal of an obedient and patriotic press meant that the Kremlin continued using various branches...

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Slovakia

March 31, 2003 12:02 PM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Slovenia

March 31, 2003 12:02 PM ET

Press freedom is generally respected in Slovenia, but journalists investigating sensitive issues continue to face occasional intimidation or pressure in retaliation for their coverage....

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Tajikistan

March 31, 2003 12:01 PM ET

The devastating legacy of the civil war (1992-1997) between President Imomali Rakhmonov's government and various opposition parties for control over the country continued to haunt the Tajik media in 2002. Because of widespread poverty--a result of the war and a subsequent string of natural disasters--reporters often work in run-down offices...

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Turkey

March 31, 2003 12:01 PM ET

In November, the Islamist-oriented Justice and Development Party won parliamentary elections in Turkey. The new prime minister, Abdullah Gul, and influential party head Recep Tayyip Erdogan affirmed that joining the European Union would be a top government priority. To that end, they promised greater democratic reform, including an easing of...

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Turkmenistan

March 31, 2003 12:01 PM ET

The magnitude of President Saparmurat Niyazov's cult of personality might even astonish the Soviet tyrant Joseph Stalin. A golden statue in Turkmenistan's capital, Ashgabat, honors Niyazov, who is called "Turkmenbashi," or "the Father of All Turkmen," and his portrait graces the country's currency. In 2002, Niyazov's birthday was declared a...

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Attacks on the Press 2002: Ukraine

March 31, 2003 12:00 PM ET

During 2002, President Leonid Kuchma's relationship with the United States hit an all-time low over suspicions that he sold a sophisticated radar system to Iraq. At home, his presidency was threatened by court rulings that opened a criminal case against him (and that were later overturned) for alleged involvement in...

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Attacks on the Press 2002: United Arab Emirates

March 31, 2003 12:00 PM ET

In the autocratic city-states that comprise the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), local media face both the promise of new technology and the burdens of long-standing state restrictions....

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Attacks on the Press 2002: United Kingdom

March 31, 2003 12:00 PM ET

Press freedom is generally respected in the United Kingdom, but CPJ was alarmed by a legal case in which Interbrew, a Belgium-based brewing group, and the British Financial Services Authority (FSA), a banking and investment watchdog agency, demanded that several U.K. media outlets turn over documents that had been leaked...

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