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How CPJ investigates and classifies attacks on the press

SEPTEMBER 14, 2004
Posted: September 16, 2004

Juan Emilio Andújar Matos, Radio Azua and Listín Diario
Juan Sánchez, El Nacional and Hoy
Jorge Luis Sención, Enriquillo Radio

Andújar was ambushed and killed by gunmen this week, moments after a radio broadcast in which he reported on a bloody crime wave that pitted gang members against police in the southern town of Azua, according to local news reports.

Andújar was host of Radio Azua's weekly show "Encuentro Mil 60" ("Encounter 1060") and a correspondent with the Santo Domingo-based daily Listín Diario. Sención, a radio reporter who witnessed the attack, was later shot in a second ambush and lost his right forearm to amputation.

The attack comes amid an escalating crime wave in Azua, 75 miles (120 kilometers) south of the capital, Santo Domingo. Several Dominican journalists who have reported on the crime surge have been threatened with death and are receiving police protection, according to press reports.

Andújar left the station around 9:40 a.m. with colleague Juan Sánchez, a correspondent with the Santo Domingo-based dailies El Nacional and Hoy. During the show, the reporters discussed the killing that morning of four reputed gang members in a gun battle with police, according to press reports. Andújar and Sánchez, as well as other journalists from Azua, had previously received death threats for their comments on the crime wave.

As the reporters were about to drive their motorcycles away, two motorcyclists shot at them, hitting Andújar in the head as Sánchez took refuge in a nearby fire station, the Dominican press reported. Andújar died an hour and a half later in a local hospital.

Sención, a reporter with Enriquillo Radio in the town of Tamayo, saw the ambush and aided Andújar in the immediate aftermath, according to a local press account. Later that morning, while with his pregnant wife, Sención was ambushed by the same gunmen. He was hospitalized under tight security.

Dominican authorities in Santo Domingo dispatched what was described as an elite police unit and two helicopters to patrol the town. A man believed to be one of the two assailants was killed by police in a gun battle on September 15; the other assailant was not immediately captured.

Andújar, a respected journalist with 20 years of experience, was also a professor at the Technology University of Azua president of an environmental organization. A colleague said he was 49.

SEPTEMBER 29, 2004
Posted: October 15, 2004

Euri Cabral, Canal 23 and Zeta-101

Cabral, a well-known journalist and friend of Dominican President Leonel Fernández, was attacked in the capital, Santo Domingo, after leaving work.

Cabral told CPJ that he had finished recording his daily television show at Canal 23 and was driving home around 8:30 p.m. when two gunmen on a motorcycle fired several shots, shattering his car's windows. Another car blocked Cabral's path but he was able to drive away and take refuge at a nearby gas station, where he called the police. He and a passenger escaped harm.

As a host of the popular morning radio show "El gobierno de la mañana" (The Government of the Morning) on Zeta-101, and on his television show "Temas del día" (Today's Issues) on Canal 23, Cabral aggressively denounced police and government corruption under the previous administration of President Hipólito Mejía.

Cabral told CPJ he has no proof of who was behind the attack, but suspects it may have been people displeased by his reporting of official corruption in the Mejía administration.
After the attack, Cabral and his family were placed under police protection.