While Botswana has a free and vigorous print media, repressive laws regarding sedition, treason, defamation, and presidential powers of deportation remain threats to freedom of expression and political activity. In addition, journalists and individuals have been charged for contravention of clauses of legislation such as the Alarming Publications Act, which prohibits the publication of material that "may create panic or disturb public peace," the National Security Act, which prohibits reporting on classified or confidential information, and the Directorate on Corruption and Economic and Crime Act, which bars the publication of information relating to an ongoing criminal investigation. Two precedent-setting cases currently in Botswana courts invoke the Alarming Publications Act and a law barring defamation or ridicule of the president.
Discussions to end the current government control of the airwaves have
been underway since a mass media communications bill was passed last year
to allow for private ownership of the broadcast media.