Attacks on the Press in 2013

Attacks on the Press in 2013

February 12, 2014 2:25 AM ET

Front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts cover an array of topics of critical importance to journalists. Governments store transactional data and the content of journalists' communications. Media and money engage in a tug of war, with media owners reluctant to draw China's disfavor and advertisers able to...

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How the United States' Spying Strengthens China's Hand

February 12, 2014 2:25 AM ET

The scope of the National Security Agency's digital surveillance raises doubts about the U.S. commitment to freedom of expression online. By Joel Simon...

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Putting Press Freedom at the Heart of Anti-Poverty Efforts

February 12, 2014 2:25 AM ET

Economists and political scientists acknowledge that journalism is vital to development and democracy. By Robert Mahoney...

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The NSA Puts Journalists Under a Cloud of Suspicion

February 12, 2014 2:25 AM ET

Governments' capacity to store transactional data and the content of communications poses a unique threat to journalism in the digital age. By Geoffrey King...

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When Journalists Are Killed, Witnesses May Be Next

February 12, 2014 2:25 AM ET

Eliminating witnesses has become an all too easy and eff ective method of stymying justice when journalists are assassinated. By Elisabeth Witchel...

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Would-Be Repressors Brandish 'Ethics' as Justification

February 12, 2014 2:23 AM ET

Calls for journalists to exercise a sense of responsibility are very often code for censorship. Yet unethical journalism can also imperil the press. By Jean-Paul Marthoz...

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Attacks on the Press: Surveillance poses global challenge for free flow of news

February 12, 2014 2:22 AM ET

CPJ's annual assessment of press freedom worldwide New York, February 12, 2014--Digital surveillance, the unchecked murder of journalists, and indirect commercial and political pressures on the media are three of the primary threats to press freedom highlighted in the Committee to Protect Journalists annual assessment, Attacks on the Press, released...

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CPJ Risk List

February 12, 2014 2:20 AM ET

Surveillance, restrictive Internet legislation, and cyberattacks compel CPJ to add cyberspace to the list of places trending in the wrong direction. By Maya Taal...

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Finding the Courage to Cover Sexual Violence

February 12, 2014 2:19 AM ET

Coverage of rape can bring journalists swift and unpredictable repercussions, but it can also change attitudes. By Frank Smyth...

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Without Stronger Transparency, More Financial Crises Loom

February 12, 2014 2:17 AM ET

The recent financial meltdown should be treated as a lesson on the importance of information transparency and the crucial role of a free press. By Michael J. Casey...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Africa

February 12, 2014 2:14 AM ET

Front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts cover an array of topics of critical importance to journalists. Governments store transactional data and the content of journalists' communications. Media and money engage in a tug of war, with media owners reluctant to draw China's disfavor and advertisers able to wield...

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Pressure on Journalists Rises Along With Africa's Prospects

February 12, 2014 2:13 AM ET

After a decade of unprecedented growth and development, the insistence on positive news remains a significant threat to press freedom in sub-Saharan Africa. By Mohamed Keita A newspaper displayed in the Ikoyi district of Lagos on September 30, 2013, tells of a deadly attack on a college in northeast Nigeria...

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Advertising and Censorship in East Africa's Press

February 12, 2014 2:12 AM ET

The printed word is thriving in parts of Africa, but advertisers' clout means they can often quietly control what is published. By Tom Rhodes Kenyans read election coverage in the Mathare slum in Nairobi, the capital, on March 9, 2013. One reason that advertising revenue trumps circulation for East Africa's...

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Mandela's Legacy of Media Freedom Stands Its Ground

February 12, 2014 2:11 AM ET

How robust are the institutional safeguards that underpin Nelson Mandela's vision of a strong and independent South African media? By Sue Valentine Nelson Mandela, pictured in May 2011, sometimes accused critical black journalists of disloyalty during his presidency. (AFP/Elmond Jiyane)...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Burundi

February 12, 2014 2:10 AM ET

Burundi's climate of press freedom deteriorated under President Pierre Nkurunziza in 2013. In June, the president signed into law a severely restrictive bill that forces journalists to reveal sources and places heavy fines and prison sentences on coverage the government considers detrimental to state security or the local economy. In...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Democratic Republic of the Congo

February 12, 2014 2:09 AM ET

Violations of press freedom, including physical attacks on journalists, arbitrary arrests, detentions, and censorship across the country declined in 2013, compared with the previous year. Several journalists were attacked over the year; the eastern province of North Kivu, where fighting flared between government forces and rebel groups, was the most...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Ethiopia

February 12, 2014 2:08 AM ET

A year after the death of Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn succeeded in preserving the repressive climate in Ethiopia. Several journalists faced interrogation or prosecution for writing about the late leader, his policies, and even his widow. One journalist, Temesghen Desalegn, former chief editor of the critical weekly Feteh,...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Guinea

February 12, 2014 2:07 AM ET

Anti-press attacks increased in Guinea in 2013 amid political unrest and inter-ethnic clashes in the run-up to the country's long-delayed legislative elections. The voting was finally held on September 28 and won by President Alpha Condé's party. Journalists were threatened and assaulted while covering pre-election activities, with some saying the...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Gambia

February 12, 2014 2:06 AM ET

The government of President Yahya Jammeh sought to tighten its grip on the already weak independent press with detentions, criminal prosecutions, and the introduction of more repressive legislation. The National Intelligence Agency arbitrarily detained at least three reporters in connection with their work for prolonged periods of time. One remained...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Nigeria

February 12, 2014 2:05 AM ET

The government of President Goodluck Jonathan used legal tools as well as brutal means to clamp down on media coverage deemed critical of the government. Sensitive and dangerous topics for the press included coverage of high-level public corruption, the government's war against Boko Haram insurgents, and the political activities of...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Somalia

February 12, 2014 2:04 AM ET

While the Somali government elected in 2012 attempted to gain more control and improve security, attacks on journalists continued. At least five reporters were attacked by militia groups loosely connected to the government, according to news reports. CPJ documented four journalists killed in direct relation to their work in Somalia,...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Swaziland

February 12, 2014 2:03 AM ET

Dubbed "the world's last absolute monarchy," the tiny, land-locked country teetered on the brink of bankruptcy while King Mswati III maintained tight control of news media and opposition voices. The king owned one of the two daily newspapers and employed the editor of the other as an adviser. Radio and...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Tanzania

February 12, 2014 2:02 AM ET

As public dissent grew in the lead-up to the 2015 presidential and parliamentary elections, attacks and threats against journalists rose. Police were believed to be the perpetrators in nearly a third of the cases. Unidentified assailants brutally attacked a veteran journalist in March, but authorities had not identified the motive,...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Uganda

February 12, 2014 2:01 AM ET

Though attacks against the press diminished compared with recent years, authorities continued to crack down on journalists for critical coverage. Police were accused of being the perpetrators in a third of the assaults on journalists. The government instigated the longest arbitrary suspension of the press in recent years after police...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Zambia

February 12, 2014 2:00 AM ET

Promises of a freer media environment by the Patriotic Front, which won election in 2011 after a campaign that pledged greater broadcast media freedom and a law promoting access to information, had yet to be fulfilled by late 2013. Journalists operated cautiously lest they fell afoul of thin-skinned authorities, and...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Zimbabwe

February 12, 2014 1:59 AM ET

Though general elections in July took place in a significantly more peaceful atmosphere than the 2008 vote, the news media remained dominated by state-owned outlets. Journalists and human rights defenders were frequent targets of physical attacks and brief detentions in the months leading up to the election, which renewed the...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Americas

February 12, 2014 1:58 AM ET

Front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts cover an array of topics of critical importance to journalists. Governments store transactional data and the content of journalists' communications. Media and money engage in a tug of war, with media owners reluctant to draw China's disfavor and advertisers able to wield...

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Gunmen Rule Neza and the Press on Outskirts of Mexico City

February 12, 2014 1:57 AM ET

Politicians say there are no organized crime cartels in the capital's metropolitan area. Journalists know better, but they are afraid to report it. By Mike O'Connor...

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Violence and Judicial Censorship Mar Brazil's Horizon

February 12, 2014 1:56 AM ET

The Brazilian government's concern for the safety of an American journalist stands in contrast to a dismal performance protecting its own reporters. By Carlos Lauría Demonstrators clash with riot policemen during a protest in Rio de Janeiro's on June 17, 2013, against the billions of dollars spent preparing for soccer's...

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One Province Illustrates Colombia's Struggle with Impunity

February 12, 2014 1:55 AM ET

The inability to solve journalist murders in Arauca feeds an atmosphere of hostility and intimidation for the media there. By John Otis Gen. Rodolfo Palomino, Colombian police chief, writes a message for a campaign supporting FARC demobilization in Tame, Arauca province, on September 18, 2013. (Reuters/Jose Miguel Gomez)...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Argentina

February 12, 2014 1:54 AM ET

The long-running feud between the administration of President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and critical news outlets deepened. The Supreme Court ruled that provisions of a 2009 broadcast law that would require some media companies, most notably the critical media conglomerate Grupo Clarín, to divest holdings—in theory, to break up monopolies—were...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Brazil

February 12, 2014 1:53 AM ET

Brazil played an increasingly dominant role in the international arena, but its record on press freedom at home continued to disappoint free-expression advocates. As the deadly violence that surged over the past three years continued, three journalists were murdered in direct retaliation for their work in 2013. Brazil's ranking worsened...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Colombia

February 12, 2014 1:52 AM ET

Journalists reporting on sensitive issues like the country’s decades-long armed conflict, crime, and corruption faced renewed violence and intimidation. A journalist at Colombia’s leading newsmagazine narrowly survived an assassination attempt, while reporters throughout the country were repeatedly threatened, and in some cases forced to flee their homes and the country....

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Cuba

February 12, 2014 1:51 AM ET

To complement gradual economic and political reforms, Cuba made small, but mostly symbolic openings in the press freedom landscape in 2013, and impact for the independent media was minimal. One exception was legislation easing exit visa regulations that was passed in 2012 but implemented in 2013. The law allowed critical...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Ecuador

February 12, 2014 1:50 AM ET

Bolstered by a landslide re-election, President Rafael Correa continued his offensive against Ecuador's critical press. His victory allowed him a significant win: the approval of a communications law that establishes regulation of editorial content and gives authorities the power to impose arbitrary sanctions and censor the press, according to CPJ...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Guatemala

February 12, 2014 1:49 AM ET

Journalists covering sensitive issues like crime and corruption faced a climate of increased intimidation and violence in 2013. One journalist was killed under unclear circumstances. CPJ continues to investigate to determine if the killing was work-related. Another journalist survived an assassination attempt, and the owner, staff, and website of the...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Honduras

February 12, 2014 1:48 AM ET

The Honduran press continued to face violence and intimidation as the country struggled with pervasive crime and general lawlessness. Journalists who covered sensitive topics like drug trafficking, government corruption, and land conflicts were threatened and attacked. A prominent radio talk show host, Aníbal Barrow, was abducted from his car and...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Mexico

February 12, 2014 1:47 AM ET

The climate of press freedom in Mexico, despite a new president, remained perilous. Although President Enrique Peña Nieto gave final approval to a measure adopted at the end of Felipe Calderón's term that gives federal authorities broader jurisdiction to investigate crimes against freedom of expression, the special prosecutor's office designated...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Peru

February 12, 2014 1:46 AM ET

The climate of press freedom in Peru remained much the same as 2012, with reporters being targeted with violence and defamation suits for reporting on local corruption. While no journalists were imprisoned, two were convicted on criminal defamation charges and received suspended prison sentences. A bill that eliminated jail terms...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: United States

February 12, 2014 1:45 AM ET

Press freedom in the United States dramatically deteriorated in 2013, a special report by CPJ found. The Obama administration's policy of prosecuting officials who leak classified information to the press intensified with the sentencing of Chelsea Manning (then known as Pvt. Bradley Manning) to 35 years in prison and the...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Venezuela

February 12, 2014 1:44 AM ET

A climate of uncertainty and tension surrounded the death of President Hugo Chávez after his tightly guarded struggle with cancer and the election of his handpicked successor, Nicolás Maduro. Coverage of both events resulted in widespread attacks on and harassment of journalists. The government's campaign against critical broadcaster Globovisión continued...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Asia

February 12, 2014 1:43 AM ET

Front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts cover an array of topics of critical importance to journalists. Governments store transactional data and the content of journalists' communications. Media and money engage in a tug of war, with media owners reluctant to draw China's disfavor and advertisers able to wield...

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Vietnam Tightens the Squeeze on Its Bloggers

February 12, 2014 1:42 AM ET

A mushrooming blogosphere has challenged the state's media monopoly, drawing a heavy-handed bid to bring the Internet under government control. By Shawn W. Crispin Blogger Pham Viet Dao attends a conference on social media in Hanoi on December 24, 2012. Dao was arrested on June 13, 2013, on accusations of...

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Afghan Journalists Steadfast as International Withdrawal Approaches

February 12, 2014 1:41 AM ET

As they look toward the next era of uncertainty, reporters in Afghanistan express a sense of determination to build on what they have achieved. By Bob Dietz An Afghan man marks his application for voter registration in Kabul, Afghanistan, on September 16, 2013. Journalists' future may hinge on the presidential...

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Journalists in Hong Kong and Taiwan Battle Beijing's Influence

February 12, 2014 1:40 AM ET

Media owners' reluctance to draw China's disfavor imperils the ability of the Hong Kong and Taiwanese press to play a watchdog role. By a CPJ Contributor Popular protests like this one in Taipei on January 1, 2013, helped derail a plan for a wealthy business tycoon with interests in China...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Afghanistan

February 12, 2014 1:39 AM ET

As the country moved toward the elections scheduled for April 2014, and international military and development aid decreased, journalists were under mounting pressure. Threats and harassment came from all sides—the government, the military, state security organizations, insurgent groups, and regional and ethnic power brokers seeking a return to power. While...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Bangladesh

February 12, 2014 1:38 AM ET

The climate of press freedom in Bangladesh rapidly deteriorated this year after a war crimes tribunal sentenced several members of an Islamist party to life imprisonment for crimes dating to the 1971 war of independence. Bloggers helped mobilize thousands of dissatisfied secularists to the streets in calling for the death...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Burma

February 12, 2014 1:37 AM ET

Journalists reporting in Burma continued to face threats and obstacles despite widespread hope for a freer media environment with the transition from military to quasi-civilian rule. While existing restrictive laws perpetuated self-censorship, a new printing and publishing bill aimed to re-impose broad censorship guidelines and grant a newly created registrar...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: China

February 12, 2014 1:36 AM ET

Despite expectations for greater transparency after President Xi Jinping took office in March, Beijing continued to try to suppress information on a broad range of issues. A CPJ report in March found that the government struggled to cope with ever more pervasive digital platforms that Chinese citizens used to express...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: India

February 12, 2014 1:35 AM ET

Despite India's rising global profile, authorities used both antiquated and advanced techniques to threaten press freedom. One journalist remained imprisoned on anti-state charges, while the government implemented a surveillance system designed to monitor citizens' phone calls, text messages, and Internet communication, making it difficult for journalists to communicate privately with...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Nepal

February 12, 2014 1:34 AM ET

While Nepal dropped off CPJ’s 2013 Impunity Index, which spotlights countries where journalists are slain and the killers go free, progress in the country remained tempered. The government led by then-Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai pressured prosecutors to drop their investigation into the 2004 murder of radio journalist Dekendra Thapa. While...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Pakistan

February 12, 2014 1:33 AM ET

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif won general elections in May, though the vote was marred by violence, including bomb blasts targeting polling stations. The Pakistani media's nonstop election coverage made news organizations full-fledged partners in the democratic process, intrinsic to the first civilian transfer of power after the completion of a...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Philippines

February 12, 2014 1:32 AM ET

Violence and threats against journalists, particularly in provincial areas, remained widespread as President Benigno Aquino's vow to end impunity in media murders went unfulfilled during his third year in office. At least three journalists were killed in 2013, one of whom was radio reporter Fernando "Nanding" Solijon. A police officer...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Sri Lanka

February 12, 2014 1:31 AM ET

Journalists and news outlets working outside government-approved news media remained under constant pressure and faced attacks even as Sri Lanka prepared to host the biennial Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Colombo. In the weeks leading up to the meeting, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay slammed...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Thailand

February 12, 2014 1:30 AM ET

Thailand's clampdown on press and Internet freedoms continued in 2013 as large anti-government street demonstrations undermined political stability. Broadcast journalists were threatened with arrest by authorities for live streaming protest speeches. At least two local and one foreign reporter were assaulted by protesters over perceived pro-government bias in their coverage....

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Vietnam

February 12, 2014 1:29 AM ET

The Vietnam government's campaign of repression against online journalists intensified this year. Sixteen of the 18 journalists behind bars had published blogs or contributed to online news publications, according to CPJ's annual prison census conducted December 1. In January, a group of five independent bloggers were sentenced to long prison...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Europe & Central Asia

February 12, 2014 1:28 AM ET

Front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts cover an array of topics of critical importance to journalists. Governments store transactional data and the content of journalists' communications. Media and money engage in a tug of war, with media owners reluctant to draw China's disfavor and advertisers able to wield...

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A Sliver of Hope Emerges for a More Independent Press in Turkey

February 12, 2014 1:27 AM ET

The Gezi Park protests force some independent-minded journalists to confront the media's unwillingness to take on the government. By Nicole Pope...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Azerbaijan

February 12, 2014 1:26 AM ET

As Azerbaijan prepared to assume the 2014 chairmanship of the Council of Europe—the largest European intergovernmental human rights and democracy organization—the authoritarian regime of President Ilham Aliyev shamelessly trampled on press freedom at home. The authorities continued to stifle critical voices, target free expression on the Web, and sentence reporters...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Belarus

February 12, 2014 1:25 AM ET

The authoritarian regime of Aleksandr Lukashenko made a few concessions this year while trying to improve relations with the U.S. and the European Union. Authorities reversed their repressive stance in several high-profile cases, including dropping criminal defamation charges against one journalist and allowing Irina Khalip, a reporter serving a suspended...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Hungary

February 12, 2014 1:24 AM ET

Hungary's record of press freedom and human rights deteriorated in 2013, resulting in calls from some European lawmakers to suspend the country's voting rights in the European Union. Authorities adopted controversial changes to the constitution in March, including a provision limiting pre-election political advertising solely to broadcasters--most of which are...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Italy

February 12, 2014 1:23 AM ET

In 2013, at least four journalists were convicted of libel in Italy, one of the few European Union states where defamation is still a criminal offense. In May, a Milan magistrate found three journalists guilty of libel and sentenced them to prison. In a separate case, a 79-year-old editor was...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Kazakhstan

February 12, 2014 1:22 AM ET

The overall climate of press freedom continued to deteriorate although authorities took a step forward in combating impunity in one anti-press attack. Four individuals were convicted and sentenced to jail, and one more suspect was awaiting his trial at year's end in relation to an April 2012 attack on journalist...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Kyrgyzstan

February 12, 2014 1:21 AM ET

While President Almazbek Atambayev urged the state council in March to enforce rule of law and guarantee the protection of human rights, he demonstrated little political will to bring about such changes. Authorities showed no intent to revive the Uzbek-language media that thrived in southern Kyrgyzstan prior to the June...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Russia

February 12, 2014 1:20 AM ET

While preparing to host the Sochi Winter Olympics, Russia continued to pressure journalists and human rights defenders covering sensitive issues. Authorities intensified their squeeze on Internet speech and upping their anti-press rhetoric. Impunity in anti-press violence remained largely unaddressed; one journalist died as a consequence of a previous brutal attack,...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Tajikistan

February 12, 2014 1:19 AM ET

Though a new media bill was signed into law, the legislation failed to decriminalize insulting the president or alleviate other repressive measures, and had no immediate effect on the climate of press freedom ahead of the November presidential vote. To pave the way for a smooth re-election of Emomali Rahmon...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Turkey

February 12, 2014 1:18 AM ET

For the second year in a row, Turkey was the world's leading jailer of the press, with 40 journalists behind bars, according to CPJ's annual prison census. Authorities continued to harass and censor critical voices, firing and forcing the resignation of almost 60 reporters in connection with their coverage of...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Ukraine

February 12, 2014 1:17 AM ET

Despite its status as the 2013 chairman of the human rights and security agency the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Ukraine did little to promote press freedom in the region. Local reporters expressed doubt about the editorial independence of news outlets, as the owners of a critical broadcaster...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: United Kingdom

February 12, 2014 1:16 AM ET

The United Kingdom's tradition of an unfettered news media was marred by several developments in 2013. Parliamentary debate over recommendations from the 2012 Leveson Inquiry to address unethical behavior by media concluded with the creation of a royal charter that critics feared would enable political interference in press regulation and...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Uzbekistan

February 12, 2014 1:15 AM ET

Following an established trend, authoritarian Uzbek leader Islam Karimov promised to address journalists' concerns but did not follow through by ending the repressive climate for the press in the country. The decades-long harassment against government critics has virtually wiped out the media landscape, forcing the domestic and international community to...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Middle East & North Africa

February 12, 2014 1:14 AM ET

Front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts cover an array of topics of critical importance to journalists. Governments store transactional data and the content of journalists' communications. Media and money engage in a tug of war, with media owners reluctant to draw China's disfavor and advertisers able to wield...

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Syrian Journalists Strive to Report, Despite Shifting Dangers

February 12, 2014 1:13 AM ET

They call themselves citizen journalists, media workers, or media activists. Amid the chaos of conflict, they are determined to gather and distribute the news. By María Salazar-Ferro Journalists Bryn Karcha, center, of Canada, and Toshifumi Fujimoto, right, of Japan, run for cover with an unidentified fixer in Aleppo's district of...

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Hassan Rouhani and the Hope for More Freedom in Iran

February 12, 2014 1:12 AM ET

The new president may have limited power to enact change, but the practical needs for communications technology may work in favor of a freer press. By D. Parvaz In his early months in office, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, pictured in Tehran June 17, 2013, focused primarily on foreign affairs. (Reuters/Fars...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Bahrain

February 12, 2014 1:11 AM ET

Despite King Hamad’s praise for the press as the “cornerstone of human rights and a mirror of our fledgling democracy,” the Bahraini government continued to crack down on anyone challenging the official narrative. Journalists covering opposition protests were harassed, detained, and deported, while some were attacked by opposition protesters who...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Egypt

February 12, 2014 1:10 AM ET

The deeply polarized Egyptian press was battered by an array of repressive tactics throughout 2013, from the legal and physical intimidation during the tenure of former President Mohamed Morsi to the widespread censorship by the military-backed government that replaced him. Morsi and his supporters pushed through a repressive constitution, used...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Iran

February 12, 2014 1:09 AM ET

Iran remained one of the most censored countries in the world. In the lead-up to the June 2013 presidential elections, then-President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s government pre-emptively arrested journalists, banned publications, harassed family members of exiled journalists, and brought the Internet to a slow crawl. Reformist journalists were not the only targets,...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Iraq

February 12, 2014 1:08 AM ET

In a 2006 book, the late New York Times correspondent Anthony Shadid summed up the future of Iraq as ghamidh, meaning “unclear” or “ambiguous” in Arabic. Seven years later, uncertainty continued to exacerbate the threats that journalists faced. Newspaper offices were attacked by unknown assailants, and journalists were threatened, assaulted,...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory

February 12, 2014 1:07 AM ET

Despite the immense differences between the Israeli government, Fatah, and Hamas, they shared a common trait in 2013: a consistent and troublesome record of silencing journalists who reported dissenting perspectives. The revolving door on Israeli prisons continued to spin, as the government arrested multiple Palestinian journalists while releasing others. Palestinian...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Jordan

February 12, 2014 1:06 AM ET

Although Jordanian journalists continued to enjoy greater freedom than most of their regional colleagues, that freedom was nonetheless restricted. The government continued its attempt to control the online media as it already controls traditional media. As CPJ had warned last year, the Jordanian government used the amended Press and Publications...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Morocco

February 12, 2014 1:05 AM ET

The Moroccan government continued its practice of targeting journalists and news outlets in connection with their critical coverage of taboo subjects, such as the health of the king or the royal family. One editor of an investigative weekly was convicted of defamation in relation to an article he wrote that...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Libya

February 12, 2014 1:04 AM ET

As Libya's growing media sector faced threats from state and non-state actors alike, the country continued to struggle to realize the promise of the 2011 revolution. Several journalists were physically assaulted by security guards outside the General National Congress (GNC) in February. The same month, the government confirmed the appointment...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Sudan

February 12, 2014 1:03 AM ET

Despite official promises to end the practice of pre-publication censorship, agents of the Sudanese National Intelligence and Security Services continued to intimidate journalists and censor newspapers. Security service officials routinely ordered papers to be suspended and raided printing houses to confiscate certain issues. At least 14 journalists were arrested over...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Syria

February 12, 2014 1:02 AM ET

For the second year in a row, CPJ ranked Syria the deadliest country in the world for journalists. Journalists also faced new threats in 2013 as radical Islamist groups strengthened their influence in rebel-held territory and rebel groups saw increased infighting. An unprecedented number of journalists were abducted during the...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Tunisia

February 12, 2014 1:01 AM ET

Tunisia, the country that inspired uprisings across the Middle East, continues to struggle to realize the aspirations of its own revolution, including the guarantee of press freedom. Journalists were attacked while covering protests, and several reported receiving death threats in relation to their criticism of the ruling party. The government...

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Attacks on the Press in 2013: Yemen

February 12, 2014 1:00 AM ET

The state of press freedom in Yemen in 2013 reflected the overall uncertainty and insecurity of a country in transition after decades of rule under President Ali Abdullah Saleh. The press faced serious consequences for failing to navigate a complicated web of red lines from the government, tribal groups, and...

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Attacks on the Press: CPJ to launch annual global assessment of press freedom

February 10, 2014 12:02 PM ET

New York, February 10, 2014--The Committee to Protect Journalists will launch Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World's Front Lines, a yearly assessment of the state of press freedom, on February 12....

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Press freedom deteriorates in Cyberspace, Egypt, Russia

February 6, 2014 4:48 PM ET

Risk List underlines mass surveillance, fatalities, and censorship New York, February 6, 2014--Mass surveillance programs by the U.S. and U.K., as well as restrictive Internet legislation by various governments and a wave of cyberattacks globally, are among the disturbing developments that have landed cyberspace on the Committee to Protect...

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