Attacks on the Press in 2010

Attacks on the Press in 2010

February 15, 2011 12:59 AM ET

A Worldwide Survey by the Committee to Protect Journalists Table of Contents Preface by Riz Khan International Institutions Fail to Defend Press Freedom by Joel Simon Exposing the Internet's Shadowy Assailants by Danny O'Brien Journalists Killed Journalists in Prison Regional Analyses AFRICA: Governments Criminalize Investigative Reporting by Mohamed Keita AMERICAS:...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Preface

February 15, 2011 12:58 AM ET

by Riz Khan It's a double-edged sword. Technology has made the life of journalists so much easier and yet so much more difficult. Even in the least-developed countries, where simple infrastructure such as paved road is a luxury, access to mobile phones, the portability of satellite broadcasting systems, the...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Introduction

February 15, 2011 12:57 AM ET

International Institutions Fail To Defend Press Freedom by Joel Simon UNESCO is the primary entity within the United Nations dedicated to the defense of press freedom. Yet in 2010, journalism and human rights organizations were forced to launch an international campaign to stop UNESCO from presenting a prize honoring one...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Internet Analysis

February 15, 2011 12:56 AM ET

Exposing the Internet's shadowy assailants by Danny O'Brien For the past decade, those who used the Internet to report the news might have assumed that the technological edge was in their favor. But online journalists now face more than just the standard risks to those working in dangerous conditions. They...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Africa Analysis

February 15, 2011 12:55 AM ET

Across Continent, Governments Criminalize Investigative Reporting By Mohamed Keita Across the continent, the emergence of in-depth reporting and the absence of effective access-to-information laws have set a collision course in which public officials, intent on shielding their activities, are moving aggressively to unmask confidential sources, criminalize the possession of government...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Americas Analysis

February 15, 2011 12:54 AM ET

In Latin America, A Return of Censorship By Carlos Lauría As the preeminent political family in the northeastern state of Maranhão for more than 40 years, the Sarneys are used to getting their way in Brazilian civic life. So when the leading national daily O Estado de S. Paulo published allegations in...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Asia Analysis

February 15, 2011 12:53 AM ET

Partisan Journalism and the Cycle of Repression by Bob Dietz and Shawn W. Crispin Lal Wickramatunga's family and publishing house, Leader Publications, have paid dearly in Sri Lanka's highly charged political climate. While Leader's newspapers, including the weekly Sunday Leader, are widely known for tough, independent reporting, they have...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Europe and Central Asia Analysis

February 15, 2011 12:52 AM ET

On the Runet, Old-School Repression Meets New By Nina Ognianova and Danny O'Brien Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has often talked about the importance of a free press and free Internet, telling reporters before his election that the Web "guarantees the independence of mass media." He explicitly tied the two together...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Middle East and North Africa Analysis

February 15, 2011 12:51 AM ET

Suppression Under the Cover of National Security By Mohamed Abdel Dayem Relying on an extensive network of sources in the military, government, and Islamist groups, Yemeni freelance journalist Abdulelah Shaea had become a frequent and pointed critic of the administration's counterterrorism efforts. By July, President Ali Abdullah Saleh's government...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Afghanistan

February 15, 2011 12:50 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Two killed, but press fatalities don't rise in proportion to overall dangers. • Kidnappings an ongoing hazard; two French journalists held captive. Key Statistic 13: Foreign journalists killed in Afghanistan since the 2001 U.S. invasion. Journalists faced numerous challenges from a multifaceted war,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Angola

February 15, 2011 12:49 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Legislation criminalizes coverage that insults president, state institutions. • Three top papers purchased by mysterious corporation. Coverage grows timid. Key Statistic 2: Journalists killed in 2010, one a Togolese sports reporter, killed in soccer team ambush. President José Eduardo dos Santos led one...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Argentina

February 15, 2011 12:48 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Kirchner accuses two papers of colluding with the military dictatorship in 1976. • Legislation would restrict media ownership in newsprint companies. Key Statistic 400: Pages in government report that claims Clarín and La Nación media groups conspired with dictators. President Cristina Fernández de...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Armenia

February 15, 2011 12:47 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • New broadcast law gives regulators broad powers to revoke TV licenses. • Gala TV, a rare critical broadcaster, faces array of government pressures. Key Statistic 1: Number of digital television licenses the government will grant per region. The plan will cut diversity. As...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Azerbaijan

February 15, 2011 12:46 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • European Court orders release of Eynulla Fatullayev; government still jails editor. • News sites report periodic blocking, typically when sensitive stories are posted. Key Statistic 4: Journalists interrogated by security agents after running a statement from the jailed Fatullayev The authoritarian government of...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Belarus

February 15, 2011 12:45 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Authorities wage post-election crackdown, raiding newsrooms and jailing reporters. • New Internet law requires registration of sites, tracking of user activity. Key Statistic 20: Journalists detained as government silences coverage of election protests. In a massive post-election crackdown, authorities raided news outlets and...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Brazil

February 15, 2011 12:44 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Judicial censorship rampant; order bars paper from covering corruption allegations. • Convictions won in journalist's murder as Brazil makes strides against impunity. Key Statistic 398: Demands to remove online content made by Brazilian authorities to Google in the first six months of 2010....

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Burma

February 15, 2011 12:43 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Junta bars foreign reporters, censors speech prior to national election. • Aung San Suu Kyi freed, but government still jails journalists, critics. Key Statistic 13: Journalists imprisoned as of December 1, the fourth‐highest figure in the world. After nearly five decades of uninterrupted...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Cameroon

February 15, 2011 12:42 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Authorities unleash reprisals when journalists question oil company deal. • Nation mourns the death of pioneering journalist Pius Njawé. Key Statistic 4: Journalists jailed for leaked document. One dies in custody, a second alleges he was tortured. When four newspaper journalists jointly sent...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: China

February 15, 2011 12:41 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Cracking down on ethnic press, authorities jail Uighur, Tibetan journalists. • Talk of media reform and press rights generates no official changes. Key Statistic 34: Journalists imprisoned on December 1, tied with Iran for the highest figure in the world. Operating under the...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Colombia

February 15, 2011 12:40 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Progress slow in probe of illegal espionage that targeted journalists. • One journalist murdered. Deadly violence slows, but danger remains. Key Statistic 4: Provincial reporters forced into exile due to threats. President Álvaro Uribe Vélez ended his two terms in office with a...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Cuba

February 15, 2011 12:39 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Cuba relents on political detainees, frees 17 journalists. Four still held. • In exile, freed journalists face economic, professional difficulties. Key Statistic 45: Poems that journalist and former detainee Ricardo González Alfonso smuggled from prison. After years of intensive advocacy and international diplomacy,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Democratic Republic of Congo

February 15, 2011 12:38 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government arrests several journalists on defamation charges. • Journalists fear repression as 2011 presidential election approaches. Key Statistic 2: Weeks that reporter Tumba Lumembu was held incommunicado by intelligence agents. On the defensive over criticism of its human rights record and its handling...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Ecuador

February 15, 2011 12:37 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Journalists attacked, broadcasters censored during police uprising. • Correa administration orders broadcasters to air official rebuttals. Key Statistic 6: Hours during which broadcasters were told to suspend programming, carry state news reports on police revolt. President Rafael Correa's administration used censorship powers throughout...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Egypt

February 15, 2011 12:36 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government blocks satellite TV, news texting ahead of parliamentary vote. • Political maneuvering seen as critical editor sacked, another jailed. Key Statistic 12: Satellite television stations taken off the air one month before the election. Back in 2005, reporters exposed widespread ballot fraud...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Ethiopia

February 15, 2011 12:35 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Editor Dawit Kebede honored with International Press Freedom Award. • Authorities jail critical journalists, jam VOA Amharic broadcasts. Key Statistic 7: Hours that two newspaper editors were interrogated as Zenawi gave speech on freedom of choice. The ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Haiti

February 15, 2011 12:34 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Journalists persevere after quake, working from tents and homes. • Dozens of reporters jobless. Print media sustain heavy losses. Key Statistic 95: Percent of radio stations knocked off the air by the January earthquake. Most had returned by late year. Reflecting the devastation...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Honduras

February 15, 2011 12:33 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Rash of journalist murders occurs in lawless, politically charged climate. • In murder investigations, authorities inattentive and dismissive. Key Statistic 3: Months between Nahúm Palacios Arteaga's murder and the time authorities conducted an autopsy. Six journalists were murdered in a seven-week span, with...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Indonesia

February 15, 2011 12:32 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Nation slides backward on press freedom; censorship threats emerge. • Three reporters murdered and magazine attacked, all with impunity. Key Statistic 2: Years' imprisonment given to Playboy Indonesia editor in a politicized prosecution. Indonesia slipped backward on press freedom as President Susilo Bambang...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Iran

February 15, 2011 12:31 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Authorities sustain their crack- down on critical journalists, arresting dozens. • Journalists face harsh prison terms and mistreatment in custody. Key Statistic 34: Journalists imprisoned on December 1. Along with China, Iran is the world's worst jailer of the press. Defying international condemnation,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Iraq

February 15, 2011 12:30 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • New press court, politically motivated lawsuits raise alarm. • As instability festers, five journalists, three support workers are killed. Key Statistic $1 billion Damages sought by the Kurdistan Democratic Party from a newspaper that detailed alleged political corruption. Instability festered throughout the year...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory

February 15, 2011 12:29 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • In West Bank, Gaza, journalists face obstruction from all sides. • Israeli fire kills Lebanese reporter during border clash. Key Statistic 18: Journalists detained when Israeli forces raided a Gaza-bound aid convoy. The press operated in a highly polarized environment as Israeli, Hamas,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Kazakhstan

February 15, 2011 12:28 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • New laws restrict online news media, shield government officials from scrutiny. • OSCE chairman Kazakhstan undermines organization with repression at home. Key Statistic 44 Defamation complaints filed in first six months of 2010, many of them by government officials. President Nursultan Nazarbayev's government...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Kyrgyzstan

February 15, 2011 12:27 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Bakiyev censors news media in a failed attempt to hold power. • Amid ethnic clashes, Uzbek journalists and outlets targeted for reprisals. Key Statistic 2: Ethnic Uzbek journalists imprisoned as of December 1. In a year of political revolt and deadly ethnic turmoil,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Lebanon

February 15, 2011 12:26 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Tensions rise, media polarized as U.N. special tribunal closes in on indictments. • Technology bill includes several provisions that could restrict press freedom. Key Statistic 0: Arrests made in the murders of two journalists and a bomb attack against a third journalist in...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Mexico

February 15, 2011 12:25 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Amid rampant violence, Calderón backs federalization of anti-press crimes. • More than 30 journalists killed or disappeared since Calderón's term began. Key Statistic 4: Journalists abducted in Durango by gangsters who demand that TV stations air their propaganda. Organized crime groups exerted fierce...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Morocco

February 15, 2011 12:24 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government pressures advertisers, uses courts to punish critical media. • Authorities obstruct Spanish and other foreign reporters in Western Sahara. Key Statistic 2: Leading independent weeklies that closed under government pressure. A daily facing harassment moved online. The government continued using the judiciary...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Nepal

February 15, 2011 12:23 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Three media owners slain. Kantipur group faces threats, obstruction. • Maoist cadres burn copies of two Kathmandu newspapers. Key Statistic 7th: Ranking on CPJ's Impunity Index, reflecting one of the world's worst records in solving press murders. The repeated failure to elect a...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Nigeria

February 15, 2011 12:22 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Two journalists murdered, another assaulted in ethnic violence. • Secrecy surrounds death of President Yar'Adua. Key Statistic 7: Journalists kidnapped in restive southern region. All are freed. Official secrecy surrounded the heart ailment that eventually claimed the life of President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua,...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Pakistan

February 15, 2011 12:21 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Suicide bombings take devastating toll on media, killing, injuring dozens. • Journalists face threats from all sides, notably Taliban and the ISI. Key Statistic 8: Journalists killed in relation to their work in 2010, the highest figure in the world. Pakistan was the...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Philippines

February 15, 2011 12:20 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Flawed procedures, witness intimidation, bribes mar Maguindanao prosecution. • Aquino pledges reform, but two more journalists are murdered for their work. Key Statistic 3rd: Ranking on CPJ's Impunity Index, reflecting one of the world's worst records in solving press murders. Trial proceedings began...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Russia

February 15, 2011 12:19 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Some progress in journalist murder probes, but attacks continue with impunity. • FSB given broad detention powers in measure that targets critical media. Key Statistic 5: Unsolved journalist murder cases that Russia's top investigators pledged to reopen. The nation's top investigative agency reopened...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Rwanda

February 15, 2011 12:18 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government drives Kinyarwanda- language papers out of print before presidential vote. • Critical newspaper editor assassinated. Skepticism greets police investigation. Key Statistic 93: Percentage of vote taken by incumbent Paul Kagame in presidential election. He faced no credible opposition. Before a crowd of...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Serbia

February 15, 2011 12:17 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Authorities win convictions in anti-press attacks, improve access to information. • Constitutional Court strikes down restrictive media ownership regulations. Key Statistic 3: Suspects convicted and sentenced to prison for threats against B92 journalist. Serbian authorities stepped up law enforcement efforts in attacks against...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Somalia

February 15, 2011 12:16 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Africa's most dangerous country for the press. Two journalists killed in 2010. • Al-Shabaab shuts downs, seizes control of major radio stations. Key Statistic 59: Somali journalists in exile, the second largest press diaspora in the world. Ethiopians constitute the largest. Somalia remained...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: South Africa

February 15, 2011 12:15 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • ANC pushes proposal to create state media tribunal to monitor, sanction press. • Anti-media rhetoric heats up, tarnishing nation's image as press freedom leader. Key Statistic 25: Years of imprisonment for disclosing classified information, as proposed in the Protection of Information Bill. On...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Sri Lanka

February 15, 2011 12:14 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Anti-government cartoonist missing; police make no evident effort to find him. • Government readies plan for a strict media regulatory agency. Key Statistic 19: Journalists in exile, having fled violence, imprisonment, and intimidation. In his Independence Day speech on February 4, Sri Lankan...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Sudan

February 15, 2011 12:14 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Censorship intensifies before election; beatings, imprisonments reported. • Authorities use surveillance, harassment, severe legal restrictions to control news. Key Statistic 3: Rai al-Shaab journalists imprisoned, one of whom reported being tortured in custody. Sudanese journalists faced a familiar, toxic combination of censorship, legalistic...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Thailand

February 15, 2011 12:14 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Using emergency decree, government blocks access to thousands of websites. • CPJ faults government, protesters for lethal violence against media. Key Statistic 2: Journalists killed during violent clashes between security forces and protesters in Bangkok. Armed clashes between anti-government protesters and state security...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Tunisia

February 15, 2011 12:11 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Targeting journalists, government criminalizes contact with foreign organizations. • Private broadcast licenses are controlled by Ben Ali's family and friends. Key Statistic 5: Years of imprisonment for violations of new law barring contact with foreign groups. Tunisia remained one of the region's most...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Turkey

February 15, 2011 12:10 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Authorities use anti-terror, defamation, security laws to prosecute journalists. • EU criticizes press record, citing prosecutions, insufficient legal guarantees. Key Statistic 0: Convictions obtained in the 2007 slaying of editor Hrant Dink. Authorities paraded journalists into court on anti-terror, criminal defamation, and state...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Uganda

February 15, 2011 12:09 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Electronic surveillance measure enacted; may chill news reporting. • Court strikes down sedition law used against critical journalists. Key Statistic 5: Journalists assaulted during clashes between security forces and members of the Buganda kingdom. Authorities harassed and obstructed journalists covering two stories that...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Ukraine

February 15, 2011 12:08 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Provincial reporters targeted in a series of attacks; editor reported missing. • Television journalists continue to face heavy political influence. Key Statistic 1: Mastermind identified in Gongadze murder. Prosecutors stir controversy by blaming only a dead official for the plot. The disappearance of...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: United States

February 15, 2011 12:07 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • U.S. military ignores call for probe into killings of 16 journalists in Iraq. • Under Pearl Act, State Department will track press freedom worldwide. Key Statistic 14: Journalists imprisoned by U.S. military forces for prolonged periods without charge between 2004 and 2010. In...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Uzbekistan

February 15, 2011 12:06 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • State deploys analysts to build sweeping criminal defamation cases. • Numerous regional and international news websites are blocked. Key Statistic 6: Journalists in prison on December 1, the highest figure in the region. Even as President Islam Karimov was calling for more "active"...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Venezuela

February 15, 2011 12:05 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Censorship spikes: RCTV banished again, newspapers barred from using crime images. • New laws restrict Internet content, tighten control over broadcast licenses. Key Statistic 1,300: Hours of presidential speeches that were aired between 1999 and 2010. Using all the tools of power, President...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Vietnam

February 15, 2011 12:04 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • In run-up to Communist Party Congress, authorities clamp down on Internet. • Critical blogs targeted in hacking attacks; government complicity seen. Key Statistic 5: Online journalists imprisoned on December 1, reflecting crackdown on Internet commentary. Vietnam targeted online journalists in a clampdown on...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Yemen

February 15, 2011 12:03 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Special press and security courts are used to silence probing journalists. • Redlines bar critical coverage of civil unrest, terrorism, corruption. Key Statistic 29: Days that reporter Abulelah Shaea was held incommunicado after being seized by security agents. The government pursued a widening...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Zimbabwe

February 15, 2011 12:02 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Press makes incremental gains as five private publication licenses are granted. • Police, ZANU-PF loyalists harass, assault independent journalists. Key Statistic 0: Broadcast licenses issued to private outlets since 2001. Regulators granted five private publishing licenses, the first in seven years, opening a...

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Africa Developments

February 15, 2011 12:01 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Americas Developments

February 15, 2011 12:01 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Asia Developments

February 15, 2011 12:01 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Europe and Central Asia Developments

February 15, 2011 12:01 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2010: Middle East and North Africa Developments

February 15, 2011 12:01 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press for the Year:   

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