Attacks on the Press in 2009

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Attacks on the Press 2009

February 16, 2010 12:58 AM ET

A Worldwide Survey by the Committee to Protect Journalists Table of Contents Preface by Fareed Zakaria Introduction by Joel Simon Journalists Killed Journalists in Prison Regional Analyses AFRICA: In African hot spots, journalists forced into exile AMERICAS: In the Americas, Big Brother is watching reporters ASIA: As fighting surges, so...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Preface

February 16, 2010 12:58 AM ET

By Fareed Zakaria Toward the end of his 118-day ordeal inside Tehran’s Evin prison, Newsweek reporter Maziar Bahari had a bizarre exchange with his interrogator. Bahari had been held in solitary confinement since his arrest after Iran’s disputed presidential election in June; he had been subjected to near-daily beatings...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Introduction

February 16, 2010 12:58 AM ET

By Joel Simon Does “name and shame” still work in the Internet age? After all, the massacre of 31 journalists and media workers in the Philippines pushed the 2009 media death toll to the highest level ever recorded by CPJ. The number of journalists in prison also rose, fueled by...

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In African hot spots, journalists forced into exile

February 16, 2010 12:57 AM ET

By Tom Rhodes High numbers of local journalists have fled several African countries in recent years after being assaulted, threatened, or imprisoned, leaving a deep void in professional reporting. The starkest examples are in the Horn of Africa nations of Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea, where dozens of journalists have...

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In the Americas, Big Brother is watching reporters

February 16, 2010 12:56 AM ET

By Carlos Lauría The topic being investigated by two Colombian reporters was explosive enough that it required unusual security. Fearful that the subjects would learn prematurely of the story, the reporters took separate notes, which they did not share and which they later destroyed. They didn’t communicate by telephone...

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As fighting surges, so does danger to press

February 16, 2010 12:55 AM ET

By Bob Dietz As the United States redeploys forces to Afghanistan, and the Pakistani military moves into the country’s tribal areas, the media face enormous challenges in covering a multifaceted conflict straddling two volatile countries. Pakistani reporters cannot move freely in areas controlled by militants. International reporters in Afghanistan,...

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Why a killing in Chechnya is an international issue

February 16, 2010 12:54 AM ET

By Nina Ognianova The day before, Natalya Estemirova had seen off two colleagues from Moscow. Yelena Milashina, a reporter with the newspaper Novaya Gazeta, and Tanya Lokshina, an advocate with the international group Human Rights Watch, had traveled to Chechnya on separate assignments. Like many visiting journalists and human...

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Human rights coverage spreads, despite government pushback

February 16, 2010 12:53 AM ET

By Mohamed Abdel Dayem and Robert Mahoney The media in the Middle East loved the Intifada. Every detail of Israel’s violations of human rights in the late 1980s in the West Bank and Gaza appeared in the Arabic and Farsi press. The governments that owned or controlled these media...

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Makings of a massacre: Impunity fostered Philippine killings

February 16, 2010 12:53 AM ET

By Shawn W. Crispin Before Henry Araneta and his colleagues set off on the morning of November 23, 2009, on what would be their last assignment, the DZRH reporter sent his wife a text message: There could be trouble....

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Afghanistan

February 16, 2010 12:52 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government tries to curb reporting on Election Day violence. • Abductions target foreign reporters, endangering local journalists, too. Key Statistic 20: Years that Parwez Kambakhsh would have spent in jail on an unjust charge. He was freed in August. Deepening violence, flawed elections,...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Argentina

February 16, 2010 12:51 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• New broadcast law sparks contentious debate, raises concerns.• In major victory, criminal defamation laws are repealed. Key Statistic 200: Tax agents who raided Clarín in apparent reprisal for the newspaper’s coverage. Press freedom advocates won two important victories as congress decriminalized defamation, and a federal court...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Armenia

February 16, 2010 12:50 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal;margins:5px;} Top Developments• Broadcast media controlled by government or its allies.• Numerous assaults reported, but police do little. Key Statistic 12: Broadcast license applications filed by independent outlet A1+. None approved. The nation remained polarized by the fraud-marred 2008 presidential election won by Serzh Sargsyan, with large public protests and...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Azerbaijan

February 16, 2010 12:49 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal;margins:5px;} Top Developments• Critical reporters jailed for defamation, “hooliganism.”• CPJ honors imprisoned editor Eynulla Fatullayev. Key Statistic 68: Novruzali Mamedov’s age when he died in prison after being denied medical care. Using imprisonment as a crude form of censorship, the authoritarian government of President Ilham Aliyev remained one of the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Bahrain

February 16, 2010 12:48 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Authorities block Web sites critical of the government, the king, and Islam.• Officials pursue politicized court complaints against critical reporters. Key Statistic 1,040: Web sites that the Ministry of Information ordered censored in September. Bahrain has made significant strides in improving its human rights record since...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Belarus

February 16, 2010 12:47 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Restrictive law requires media obtain government registration.• Administration eases some repressive tactics to gain EU favor. Key Statistic 13: Independent papers blacklisted by state-controlled distributors. Authorities eased their heavy-handed tactics of repression for much of the year even as a restrictive new media law took effect....

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Brazil

February 16, 2010 12:46 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Judges in defamation cases issue sweeping censorship orders.• Ex-police officers convicted in abduction, torture of O Dia journalists. Key Statistic 44: Defamation lawsuits filed by a single congressman. Complaints target dozens of journalists for critical coverage. In a major advance for press freedom, Brazil’s highest court...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Burma

February 16, 2010 12:45 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Some political prisoners freed, but eight journalists still held.• Government censors all print publications, controls broadcasters. Key Statistic 1st: Ranking on CPJ's Worst Countries to Be a Blogger. Throughout the year, Burma's ruling junta emphasized its plans to move toward multiparty democracy after decades of...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: China

February 16, 2010 12:44 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• More access for foreign reporters, tighter rules for local assistants.• As online use grows, government censors sites, jails critics. Key Statistic 24: Journalists jailed as of December 1, 2009. While China’s ruling communist party celebrated 60 years in power in 2009, its critics commemorated...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Colombia

February 16, 2010 12:43 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Provincial journalists face threats from all sides in civil conflict. • Convictions gained in one journalist murder; progress reported in other cases. Key Statistic 2003: Year that national intelligence agents began spying on journalists and other critics. The strained relationship between the government...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Croatia

February 16, 2010 12:42 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal;margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government makes progress on reforms, but press freedom lags. • Ruling HDZ gains influence with some media outlets.Key Statistic 8: People indicted in a car bombing that killed two media executives. Croatia’s efforts to join the European Union by 2011 did not yield major...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Cuba

February 16, 2010 12:41 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Vibrant blogging culture emerges despite severe Internet restrictions.• Jailed journalists suffer amid inhumane conditions. Key Statistic 22: Reporters and editors in jail as of December 1. Cuba was hit hard by the global economic crisis and endured an upheaval in its highest offices,...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Democratic Republic of the Congo

February 16, 2010 12:40 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • RFI removed from FM frequencies; other stations censored.• Hundreds march in nine provinces to protest ongoing threats, violence. Key Statistic 3: Female journalists threatened with “a bullet to the head” after focusing their work on women’s issues. Authorities censored coverage of armed conflict...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Ecuador

February 16, 2010 12:39 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Correa assails news media, and regulators target critical outlets. • Media legislation could restrict freedom of expression. Key Statistic 3: Days that regulators ordered Teleamazonas off the air. Re-elected by a landslide in April, President Rafael Correa intensified his attacks on critical news...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Egypt

February 16, 2010 12:38 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments•  Government is among the region’s worst oppressors of online expression.•  Several editors fined for reporting on the president and other sensitive topics. Key Statistic 3: Online journalists imprisoned as of December 1, 2009. Authorities followed familiar tactics to control news media, pursuing politicized court cases, imposing...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Ethiopia

February 16, 2010 12:37 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Terrorism law criminalizes coverage of sensitive topics.• Broadcasting Authority serves as government censor. Key Statistic 4: Journalists jailed as of December 1, 2009. Ahead of national elections scheduled for May 2010, the ruling Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) further curtailed the limited freedom of the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Gambia

February 16, 2010 12:36 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments•  Hydara murder unsolved; secrecy surrounds Manneh detention.•  Domestic, international pressure prompts Jammeh to halt crackdown. Key Statistic 6: Journalists jailed for sedition after saying president’s remarks on Hydara case were insensitive. Authorities jailed six journalists after their publications said President Yahya Jammeh had been insensitive in...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Georgia

February 16, 2010 12:35 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • TV news politicized due to government manipulation. • Opposition-aligned broadcaster obstructed. Key Statistic 7: Percent of Internet penetration nationwide. While no journalists were killed or imprisoned in Georgia in 2009, press freedom in this small South Caucasus nation stagnated due to persistent state...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Honduras

February 16, 2010 12:34 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Coup damages press freedom, reveals partisan media divide. • Supporters of both sides in the conflict wage attacks on the press. Key Statistic 22: Days that Radio Globo and Canal 36 were off the air due to government censorship. The June coup that...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Iran

February 16, 2010 12:32 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Dozens of journalists are detained in massive post-election crackdown.•  Numerous critical newspapers, Web sites censored or shut down. Key Statistic 23: Journalists imprisoned as of December 1, 2009. Amid the greatest national political upheaval since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iran launched a full-scale assault on the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Iraq

February 16, 2010 12:31 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments•  Fatalities and abductions plummet as security situation improves.•  Prime minister, others file lawsuits to harass media. Kurdish courts jail six journalists. Key Statistic 4: Journalists killed in connection to their work, the lowest tally since the war began in 2003. Four Iraqi journalists were killed because...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory

February 16, 2010 12:30 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Israel bars international press access to Gaza fighting.• Fatah, Hamas detain, harass media perceived as biased. Key Statistic 4: News media buildings in Gaza hit by Israeli airstrikes. As the year began, the Israeli military waged a ground offensive into the Gaza Strip in response...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Kazakhstan

February 16, 2010 12:28 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Repressive media law takes effect, sets limits online.• Politicized lawsuits threaten independent newspapers. Key Statistic 2010: Year that Kazakhstan assumes chairmanship of OSCE. The authoritarian government of this central Asian nation brazenly defied international standards for freedom of expression even as it prepared to assume...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Kyrgyzstan

February 16, 2010 12:28 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal;margins:5px;} Top Developments• Saipov murder case unsolved and beset by questions.• Four journalists badly beaten; no arrests made. Key Statistic 76: Percentage of vote won by Kurmanbek Bakiyev in flawed presidential election. The press climate deteriorated in this mountainous central Asian nation that once offered promise for democracy and...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Libya

February 16, 2010 12:28 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments•  Regime pursues defamation cases in Morocco and other countries.•  Qaddafi nationalizes the nation’s sole private television station. Key Statistic 3: Moroccan newspaper ordered to pay damages for “injuring the dignity” of Col. Muammar Qaddafi. Col. Muammar Qaddafi marked in September the 40th anniversary of the coup...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Madagascar

February 16, 2010 12:28 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Rival leaders use media empires to pursue political goals.• Partisan attacks target journalists, news outlets. Key Statistic 1: Journalist killed in 2009, the first Malagasy media fatality ever recorded by CPJ. Malagasy journalists faced censorship, threats, and arrest as former president Marc Ravalomanana and...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Mexico

February 16, 2010 12:27 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Amid threats and attacks, self-censorship becomes more pervasive.• Congress stalls on reforms to combat violence against the press. Key Statistic 9: Journalists missing since 2005. Most had covered crime and corruption. The deepening influence of organized crime and the government’s inability to curb worsening...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Morocco

February 16, 2010 12:26 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Authorities censor, jail journalists to silence coverage of the royal family. • Politicized courts issue heavy defamation awards. Key Statistic 100,000: Copies of two weeklies destroyed by authorities because they carried a poll about the king. As King Mohammed VI marked his first decade on the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Nicaragua

February 16, 2010 12:24 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Ortega administration marginalizes private media.• Authorities use legal harassment, smears against critics. Key Statistic 0: Number of press conferences held by Ortega since taking office. Three decades after a revolution swept the Sandinistas into power, the government of President Daniel Ortega still cast private media...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Nepal

February 16, 2010 12:24 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Government fails to investigate press freedom abuses. • Reporter slain after covering Maoist land seizures. Key Statistic 8th: Ranking on CPJ Impunity Index, making it one of world’s worst for press. Nepal’s news media entered 2009 in a state of crisis. Attacks on the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Niger

February 16, 2010 12:23 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Tandja tightens grip on power, media through constitutional changes.• Journalists reporting on corruption face government reprisals. Key Statistic 3: Years beyond his elected term that Tandja can serve, according to a constitutional change. In an audacious bid to maintain power, President Mamadou Tandja pushed through constitutional...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Nigeria

February 16, 2010 12:22 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Local operatives of the ruling PDP assault journalists with impunity. • Editor slain at his home outside Lagos. Wife pledges to continue his work. Key Statistic 21: National dailies, a number reflecting Nigeria’s robust media climate. With 21 national dailies, 12 television stations,...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: North Korea

February 16, 2010 12:21 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Two U.S. journalists held for five months after crossing border. • Citizen reporters begin to smuggle news out of the country. Key Statistic 1st: Ranking on CPJ’s list of Most Censored Nations. During a diplomatic standoff that lasted almost five months, two American journalists from San...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Pakistan

February 16, 2010 12:20 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Press has very limited access during two military offensives.• Reporters face attacks, threats from all sides. Four are killed. Key Statistic 6: Homes of journalists destroyed by militants in retaliatory attacks. As Pakistan’s military launched two major offensives within its borders, officials pressured news media to...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Philippines

February 16, 2010 12:19 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Maguindanao massacre underscores deep-seated climate of impunity.• Local and international groups mobilize to offer aid, seek justice. Key Statistic 29: Journalists slain in a politically motivated ambush, the single deadliest event ever recorded by CPJ. In the deadliest event for the press ever recorded...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Russia

February 16, 2010 12:17 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• International community intensifies pressure to halt impunity.• Authorities restart investigations into Klebnikov, Politkovskaya murders. Key Statistic 19: Journalists murdered in retaliation for their work since 2000. Murder convictions have been won in one case. After a deadly decade for the press, the tone set by the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Somalia

February 16, 2010 12:16 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Al-Shabaab terrorizes media through violence, threats, censorship.• Many local journalists flee into exile, leaving a void in coverage. Key Statistic9: Journalists killed in direct relation to their work in 2009. Somalia was among the world’s deadliest countries in 2009, surpassing violent hot spots such...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Sri Lanka

February 16, 2010 12:15 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Editor murdered, broadcaster bombed, reporters assaulted.• Columnist convicted of terrorism for his writing. Key Statistic 0: Number of convictions in 10 journalist murders since 1992. On May 19, the government formally declared a victory in its 26-year civil war with the secessionist Liberation Tigers...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Sudan

February 16, 2010 12:14 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments•  Government continues to impose vast censorship.•  New press law falls short of international standards. Key Statistic 9: Men executed in editor’s murder. Observers call it a miscarriage of justice. Sudanese journalists worked amid political uncertainty and severe restrictions. Pervasive official censorship restricted journalists from closely reporting...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Thailand

February 16, 2010 12:13 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Amid partisan conflict, media owner is target of failed assassination.• Heavily used lese majeste laws criminalize criticism of royal family. Key Statistic 2,000: Web sites blocked by government for violating lese majeste laws. Thai media were caught in the middle of a political conflict...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Tunisia

February 16, 2010 12:12 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Government engineers ouster of independent journalist union leaders.• Two journalists are jailed in retaliation for critical reporting. Key Statistic 97: Percentage of newspaper campaign coverage that was devoted to President Ben Ali. President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali was re-elected to a fifth term with...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Uganda

February 16, 2010 12:11 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Reporters attacked, harassed during Kampala unrest.• Criminal cases pile up as high court considers constitutional challenge. Key Statistic 22: Criminal cases pending against Andrew Mwenda, a top political editor.Violent protests broke out in Kampala in September when security forces blocked leaders of the traditional kingdom...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Ukraine

February 16, 2010 12:10 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Broadcast media face strong political pressure.• Ex-Interior Ministry official arrested in Gongadze murder. Key Statistic 5: Years since the Orange Revolution. Optimism has since dimmed. A deep recession, tensions with neighboring Russia, and a coming presidential election placed greater stress on the country’s already weak and...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: United States

February 16, 2010 12:09 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Authorities hold Iraqi journalist without charge or due process. • Obama, Congress send encouraging messages on press freedom Key Statistic 10: Days that U.S. immigration officials detained a VOA reporter during a visa dispute. The administration made encouraging statements in support of press...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Uzbekistan

February 16, 2010 12:08 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Nation is a persistent jailer of journalists.• Security agents enforce rigid censorship. Key Statistic 4: Years EU human rights sanctions were in place before being lifted in 2009. President Islam Karimov’s authoritarian government held at least seven journalists in prison, retaining its notorious distinction as...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Venezuela

February 16, 2010 12:07 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Regulators strip licenses from critical broadcasters.• Government wages politicized investigation into Globovisión. Key Statistic 34: Private radio and television stations pulled from the air. After scoring a major victory in a February referendum that granted indefinite presidential re-election, President Hugo Chávez Frías and his government intensified...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Vietnam

February 16, 2010 12:06 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Bloggers face regular harassment and detention.• Government conducts extensive online censorship. Key Statistic 300: Number of cybercafés outfitted with software tracking visits to banned Web sites. While maintaining its tight grip on traditional news media, the government intensified its already significant controls over the Internet...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Yemen

February 16, 2010 12:05 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments • Government censors newspapers, establishes new press court. • Two journalists jailed without charge; one missing after being abducted. Key Statistic 8: Newspapers banned for periods beginning in May due to their coverage of unrest in the south. Continuing a steady years-long decline, Yemen...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Zambia

February 16, 2010 12:04 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Ruling party supporters behind assaults against journalists.• Government wages politicized prosecutions against The Post. Key Statistic 400: Estimated turnout at a demonstration protesting anti-press attacks. Press freedom deteriorated in the first full year of Rupiah Banda’s presidency. Tensions mounted between Banda’s government and the...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Zimbabwe

February 16, 2010 12:03 AM ET

h7 {float:none;width:auto;height:auto;font-family:sans-serif;font-weight:normal; margins:5px;} Top Developments• Government fails to implement reforms allowing private media to operate.• Two international broadcasters allowed to resume operation. Key Statistic $32,000: Application and accreditation fees imposed on international journalists. In a measure of the deplorable state of press freedom in Zimbabwe, a year marked by harassment...

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Africa Developments

February 16, 2010 12:02 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Americas Developments

February 16, 2010 12:02 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Asia Developments

February 16, 2010 12:02 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Middle East and North Africa Developments

February 16, 2010 12:02 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press 2009: Europe and Central Asia Developments

February 16, 2010 12:00 AM ET

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