Attacks on the Press in 2008

Attacks on the Press in 2008: Iran

February 10, 2009 12:31 AM ET

President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's economic policies and human rights record drew widespread criticism from academics, activists, and journalists. In response, Ahmadinejad sought to suppress independent media by manipulating government subsidies, exerting censorship, and using the punitive tools of detention and harassment....

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Iraq

February 10, 2009 12:30 AM ET

Eleven journalists were killed because of their work, making Iraq the most dangerous nation for the press for the sixth consecutive year. Nevertheless, the figure was the lowest yearly toll since the U.S.-led invasion in 2003--and two-thirds lower than the annual figures for 2007 or 2006....

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory

February 10, 2009 12:29 AM ET

With a shaky six-month truce coming to an end in late year, Hamas rocket attacks on Israel were met with the largest bombardment of the Gaza Strip since 1967. The headquarters of Hamas-controlled Al-Aqsa TV was destroyed and at least two journalists were injured amid massive airstrikes by the Israel...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Kazakhstan

February 10, 2009 12:28 AM ET

The administration drafted a bill that would take limited steps in loosening criminal defamation and weeding out some of the bureaucratic thicket that regulators have used to obstruct news media. Parliament was due to consider the measure in early 2009. The bill was intended to fulfill government promises to liberalize...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Kenya

February 10, 2009 12:27 AM ET

Bracketed by profound attacks on the press, a tumultuous 2008 threatened the country’s standing as a regional leader in free expression. A repressive media bill sailed through parliament in December and was signed into law by President Mwai Kibaki as 2009 began. Enacted over the protests of local and international...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Kyrgyzstan

February 10, 2009 12:26 AM ET

Three years after a popular uprising inspired hope for reform, press conditions stagnated and, in many respects, deteriorated. A high-profile murder remained unsolved, with no evident progress in the investigation. Two editors faced criminal prosecution, and their newspapers were shuttered in the wake of a defamation case. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Lebanon

February 10, 2009 12:25 AM ET

This deeply divided country reached the brink of full-scale conflict in mid-year after political and religious leaders used the news media to inflame sectarian divisions and failed to abide by the consensual style of government agreed upon at the end of the 1975-1990 civil war. A battle of words that...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Malaysia

February 10, 2009 12:24 AM ET

Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi’s government maintained leverage over print media through a renewable licensing system that enabled authorities to suspend or revoke publications when coverage was deemed controversial. Officials charged journalists under national security laws such as the Internal Security Act and Sedition Act, which carried significant prison penalties. These...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Mexico

February 10, 2009 12:23 AM ET

Powerful drug cartels and escalating violence made journalists in Mexico more vulnerable to attack than ever before. The dangerous climate was compounded by a pervasive culture of impunity. Most crimes against the press remained unsolved as Mexican law enforcement agencies, awash in corruption, did not aggressively investigate attacks. With no...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Middle East/North Africa Developments

February 10, 2009 12:22 AM ET

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