Attacks on the Press in 2008

Attacks on the Press in 2008: Colombia

February 10, 2009 12:41 AM ET

Deadly violence in Colombia eased for the second consecutive year as no journalists were killed in direct relation to their work. Colombian authorities cited increased security throughout the country as the cause for the recent decline in news media deaths, but journalists said widespread self-censorship had made the press less...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Cuba

February 10, 2009 12:40 AM ET

Five years after the government’s massive crackdown on the independent press, 21 journalists remained behind bars in inhumane conditions as Cuba retained its notorious distinction as the world’s second-leading jailer of journalists. Only China jailed more. Two Cuban reporters were released from prison and went into exile during the...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Democratic Republic of the Congo

February 10, 2009 12:39 AM ET

Two years after transitioning to democracy in historic U.N.-backed elections, the Democratic Republic of the Congo was one of the most perilous countries in Africa for journalists. For the fourth consecutive year, a journalist was murdered in unclear circumstances, this time in the unstable, strife-torn east of the country....

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Ecuador

February 10, 2009 12:38 AM ET

A July government takeover of almost 200 businesses, including two private television stations that drew nearly 40 percent of the country’s news audience, enabled leftist President Rafael Correa to further his political agenda and gain greater control of the media. After the move, Correa won a decisive victory in...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Egypt

February 10, 2009 12:37 AM ET

Egypt took a lead role in developing a regional charter designed to restrict satellite broadcasting throughout the Arab world. At the behest of President Hosni Mubarak, parliament extended the 27-year-old Emergency Law, keeping intact for two additional years a key tool for stifling free expression. In this environment, journalists...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Ethiopia

February 10, 2009 12:36 AM ET

The small vanguard of independent media that emerged from a brutal 2005 crackdown struggled in the face of continuing government harassment. Although authorities issued licenses allowing a handful of independent political newspapers to operate, they continued to use imprisonment, threats, and legal and administrative restrictions to suppress coverage of sensitive...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Europe and Central Asia Developments

February 10, 2009 12:35 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Georgia

February 10, 2009 12:34 AM ET

Three journalists were killed and at least 10 were wounded during a brief but bloody conflict in the disputed region of South Ossetia that pitted Georgian troops against local and Russian forces. South Ossetian separatists strengthened their position after the conflict--gaining full recognition from Moscow and the active support...

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: Guatemala

February 10, 2009 12:33 AM ET

Violence associated with organized crime fueled widespread self-censorship, especially in the provinces. Journalists sometimes wrote without bylines when covering dangerous subjects, but many were still attacked and threatened. Ongoing violence led to the slayings of two journalists and the kidnapping of a third....

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Attacks on the Press in 2008: India

February 10, 2009 12:32 AM ET

A series of coordinated terrorist attacks that struck more than a dozen locations in the commercial capital, Mumbai, killing more than 170 and wounding hundreds, shocked the world and punctuated a year of growing tension and risk. Witnesses became journalists as they Twittered up to 100 messages a minute,...

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