The first month of the Israel-Gaza war is now the deadliest month for journalists since CPJ began documenting journalist fatalities in 1992.
As of December 4, CPJ’s investigations showed at least 63 journalists and media workers were among more than 16,000 killed since the war began on October 7—with more than 15,500 deaths in the Palestinian territories of Gaza and the West Bank and about1,200 in Israel. This deadly toll is coupled with harassment, detentions, and other reporting obstructions in Gaza, the West Bank, Israel, and beyond.
Israeli forces have told news agencies that they cannot guarantee safety of journalists working in Gaza, where the war resumed on Friday after a one-week truce. Gaza has experienced multiple communications blackouts and journalists are reporting disruptions to phone and internet connections, particularly in the north.
CPJ is investigating all reports of journalists and media workers killed, injured, detained or missing in the war. The results of these investigations, which are based on testimonies of CPJ sources in the region and media reports, are published here. It is unclear whether all journalists were covering the conflict at the time of their deaths, but CPJ has included them in our count as we investigate their circumstances. The list is being updated regularly.
More coverage and photos of the war’s unprecedented toll on journalists
An Azerbaijan court ordered the three-month detention of journalist Nargiz Absalamova on December 1 amid a crackdown against journalists associated with critical news platforms.
Absalamova is the fourth member of Abzas Media — known for its anti-corruption reporting — to be held in pretrial detention on charges of conspiring to bring money into the country unlawfully. In November, Abzas Media’s director, Ulvi Hasanli; chief editor, Sevinj Vagifgizi; and Hasanli’s assistant, Mahammad Kekalov, were detained on the same charges after police said they found 40,000 euro (US$43,650) during a November 20 raid on the outlet’s office.
Media reports have linked the crackdown on Abzas Media to a decline in Azerbaijani-Western relations following Azerbaijan’s military offensive into Nagorno-Karabakh in September.
An anti-Western campaign in Azerbaijani state media, initiated days before the first Abzas Media arrests, highlighted donor organizations’ funding of civil society and independent media, accusing them of creating networks of Western “agents” in Azerbaijan and advocating a hunt for “spies.”
Journalists at popular online television channel Kanal 13 have also been detained. Aziz Orujov, the director, has been ordered to be held in pre-trial custody for three months and Rufat Muradli, a presenter, has been sentenced to 30 days behind bars.
We defend the right of journalists to report the news safely and without fear of reprisal.