Attacks on the Press in 2008

Attacks on the Press

Attacks on the Press in 2008: Preface

By Carl Bernstein

When the Committee to Protect Journalists was founded in 1981, the prevailing threats to freedom of the press around the world were still from juntas, dictators, authoritarian regimes, and social systems determined to dominate the media as a means of maintaining control over citizens, usually within the boundaries of the nation-state. Toward that end, newspapers and television were nationalized or controlled by party organs, strict censorship prevailed, and officially sanctioned news was delivered expeditiously.

February 10, 2009 12:59 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press

Attacks on the Press in 2008: Introduction

By Joel Simon

In 2008, the numbers of journalists killed and jailed both dropped for the first time since the war on terror was launched in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks. This is welcome news, but it is tempered by harsh realities. The war on terror had a devastating effect on journalists, and the trends will be difficult to reverse. Over seven years, journalists were targeted for murder in record numbers, while deterioration in the international legal environment led to a surge in journalist imprisonments.

Attacks on the Press   |   Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Zimbabwe

In Text-Message Reporting, Opportunity and Risk

Using their cell phones, Africans are avid consumers of electronic information. For reporters, text messaging is an essential tool. It's a brave (and risky) new world. 
By Tom Rhodes

February 10, 2009 12:58 AM ET

Attacks on the Press   |   Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico

Drug Trade, Violent Gangs Pose Grave Danger

Powerful drug traffickers in Mexico, gangsters in Brazilian slums, paramilitaries in Colombia, and violent street gangs in El Salvador and Guatemala are terrorizing the press. Self-censorship is widespread. By Carlos Lauría

February 10, 2009 12:58 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press   |   Burma, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam

Media Freedom Stalls as China Sets the Course

China's media-control model s being embraced in Southeast Asian nations as diverse as communist-led Vietnam, military-run Burma, ostensibly democratic Thailand, and predominantly Muslim Malaysia. By Bob Dietz and Shawn W. Crispin

February 10, 2009 12:57 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press   |   Georgia, Russia

Conquering Television to Control the Narrative

Mikhail Saakashvili and Vladimir Putin used strikingly similar tactics to create uncritical television media. The one-sided, one-dimensional coverage of the conflict in South Ossetia was the product of their efforts By Nina Ognianova
February 10, 2009 12:56 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press   |   Egypt, Qatar, Saudi Arabia

Pre-empting the Satellite TV Revolution

Uneasy about satellite television coverage of civil strife and economic hardship, Arab governments are trying to reassert control over the medium. Will a new regional agreement halt the satellite revolution? By Joel Campagna
February 10, 2009 12:55 AM ET

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Attacks on the Press   |   Afghanistan

Attacks on the Press in 2008: Afghanistan

The security situation deteriorated as reporters came under increasing threats, both political and criminal in nature. At least three foreign correspondents and two local reporters were kidnapped across the country, not only in the provincial areas that became exceedingly dangerous after the U.S.-led invasion in 2001, but in the area surrounding the capital, Kabul, that had once been considered safer.

February 10, 2009 12:54 AM ET

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2008

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